Makna kekerabatan dalam budaya lonto leok pada proses pilkada di Manggarai Barat

Rahmat, Felisianus Novandri (2020) Makna kekerabatan dalam budaya lonto leok pada proses pilkada di Manggarai Barat. Masters thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Budaya memainkan peran yang sangat penting dalam politik karena dalam setiap proses politik selalu terjadi dalam konteks budaya tertentu. Selain itu, setiap proses politik diyakini selalu berhubungan langsung dengan budaya dari suatu masyarakat. Sehingga budaya kemudian menjadi cerminan masyarakat dalam menentukan sikap dan pilihan politik atau membentuk karakteristik masyarakat dalam berpolitik. Tentunya ada banyak fenomena dalam politik yang menggambarkan adanya hubungan budaya dan politik, misalnya pada pilkada DKI 2017 yaitu isu agama dan etnis serta isu kekerabatan pada pilkada Manggarai Barat 2020 yang dibahas dalam penelitian ini. Fenomena kekerabatan yang dimaksud adalah adanya kecenderungan dari masyarakat Manggarai pada umumnya untuk memilih pemimpin yang seasal atau karena faktor kekerabatan dan kekeluargaan. Kecenderungan tersebut muncul tidak lepas dari peran budaya lonto leok dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat yang masih kuat mempengaruhi segala lini kehidupan termasuk politik. Untuk itu, penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui makna dari fenomena kekerabatan tersebut dalam budaya lonto leok pada proses pilkada di Manggarai Barat serta peran budaya tersebut dalam proses politik di masyarakat. Penelitian ini menggunakan paradigma interpretif dengan metode penelitian Fenomenologi. Adapun pengumpulan data penelitian dilakukan dengan data primer, yaitu wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi serta data sekunder berupa studi kepustakaan. Wawancara dilakukan kepada para informan yang melakukan lonto leok menjelang Pilkada Mabar Tahun 2020 dan juga pada pilkada-pilkada sebelumnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa makna kekerabatan dalam budaya lonto leok pada proses pilkada di Manggarai Barat adalah kebersamaan dan ketergantungan. Sementara peran budaya lonto leok dalam proses politik adalah pada saat pengambilan keputusan dan menumbuhkan ikatan kekerabatan. / Culture plays a very important role in politics because in every political process it always occurs in a certain cultural context. In addition, every political process is believed to always be directly related to the culture of a society. So that culture then becomes a reflection of society in determining attitudes and political choices or shaping the characteristics of society in politics. Of course there are many phenomena in politics that describe the existence of cultural and political relations, for example in the 2017 DKI regional elections, namely the issue of religion and ethnicity as well as the issue of kinship in the 2020 West Manggarai elections which are discussed in this study. The kinship phenomenon in question is the tendency of the Manggarai community in general to choose leaders who are of the same origin or because of kinship and kinship factors. This tendency appears inseparable from the role of lonto leok culture in social life, which still strongly affects all lines of life, including politics. For this reason, this research was conducted to find out the meaning of the phenomenon of kinship in Lonto Leok culture in the local election process in West Manggarai and the role of the culture in the political process in society This research uses the interpretive paradigm with the Phenomenology method. Data collection is carried out through in-depth interviews and documentation as sources of primary data, and literature study as sources of secondary data. Interviews were conducted with informants who carried out lonto leok in the lead-up to the 2020 West Manggarai Election and also to the previous local elections./The results showed that the political meaning of kinship in lonto leok culture was togetherness and dependence. While the role of lonto leok culture in the political process is at the time of making decisions and develop kindship ties.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Rahmat, Felisianus NovandriNIM01689180005andrerahmat70@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorSimangunsong, BenedictusNIDN0316047501beny2901@yahoo.com
Additional Information: T 89-18 RAH m
Uncontrolled Keywords: culture and politics ; kinship politics ; kinship and lonto leok
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM 1201-1216 Communication
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > Master of Communication Science
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > Master of Communication Science
Depositing User: Users 9760 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2020 08:48
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2021 03:27
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/10281

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