Penerapan konsep public policy sebagai alasan penolakan pengakuan dan eksekusi putusan arbitrase internasional di Indonesia dan di Singapura

Wijaya, Esther Emmanuella (2020) Penerapan konsep public policy sebagai alasan penolakan pengakuan dan eksekusi putusan arbitrase internasional di Indonesia dan di Singapura. Masters thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Arbitrase merupakan sebuah lembaga penyelesaian sengketa di luar pengadilan yang putusannya final dan mengikat. Dalam transaksi bisnis internasional, arbitrase internasional, arbitrase merupakan pilihan forum penyelesaian sengketa yang cukup sering dipilih oleh para pihak dalam menyelesaikan sengketanya. Konvensi New York mewajibkan negara anggotanya, termasuk Indonesia dan Singapura untuk mengakui dan mengeksekusi semua putusan arbitrase internasional yang diputuskan oleh negara anggota lainnya, kecuali dengan alasan putusan tersebut dinyatakan bertentangan dengan ketertiban umum. Ketertiban umum merupakan suatu asas yang tidak mempunyai definisi pasti, sehingga kesan yang subjektif mengingat adanya ketidaksamaan antar negara dalam memaknainya. Hal tersebut mengakibatkan tidak terjaminnya kepastian hukum bagi para pihak untuk menjalankan hasil putusannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan mengkaji perbandingan bagaimana penerapan konsep ketertiban umum (public policy) pada penolakan terhadap pengakuan dan pelaksanaan putusan arbitrase internasional di Pengadilan Indonesia dan Singapura. Dalam penelitian ini, digunakan metode penelitian hukum normatif, sehingga dianalisa peraturan perundang-undangan dan putusan pengadilan terkait untuk menemukan jawaban dan saran atas permasalahan dimaksud. Dengan demikian, penelitian ini dapat menjabarkan temuan dan analisa atas ketidaksamaan penerapan ketertiban umum dalam praktik di Indonesia dan Singapura dalam menolak pengakuan dan mengeksekusi putusan arbitrase internasional sesuai dengan asas kepastian hukum dan kemanfaatan, serta teori yurisprudensi dan kedaulatan negara. / Arbitration is an out-of-court dispute resolution institution whose decisions are final and binding. In international business transactions, international arbitration, arbitration is the choice of dispute resolution forum which is quite often chosen by the parties to resolve disputes. The New York Convention obliges its member states, including Indonesia and Singapore, to recognize and execute all international arbitral awards ruled by other member states, except on the grounds that the award is declared contrary to public order. Public order is a principle that does not have a definite definition, so that the impression is subjective considering the inequality between countries in interpreting it. This results in insecure legal certainty for the parties to carry out the results of their decisions. This study aims to determine and examine the comparison of how the application of the concept of public order (public policy) in the rejection of recognition and implementation of international arbitration awards in the Indonesian and Singapore Courts. In this research, normative legal research methods are used, so that the statutory regulations and related court decisions are analyzed to find answers and suggestions for the problems in question. Thus, this study can describe the findings and analysis of the inequality of the application of public order in practice in Indonesia and Singapore in rejecting recognition and executing international arbitration decisions in accordance with the principles of legal certainty and benefit, as well as theories of jurisprudence and state sovereignty.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Wijaya, Esther EmmanuellaNIM01659180033estherwijaya96@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
UNSPECIFIEDPandika, RusliNIDN0310075502UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Law
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Law
Depositing User: Esther Emmanuella Wijaya
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2020 03:51
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2020 03:51
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/10372

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