Tanggung Jawab Hukum Marketplace Terhadap Peredaran Produk Kosmetik Berbahaya

Kamil, Tika Widya Anindhitta (2020) Tanggung Jawab Hukum Marketplace Terhadap Peredaran Produk Kosmetik Berbahaya. Masters thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Peredaran kosmetik berbahaya dapat mengakibatkan dampak buruk bagi kesehatan pembeli yang menggunakannya. Kosmetik yang berbahaya mengandung bahan-bahan yang dapat mengancam kesehatan. Kemajuan teknologi menjadi sarana mudahnya kosmetik berbahaya dapat beredar terutama dari platform marketplace. Dalam Undang-undang Nomor 36 Tahun 2009 Tentang Kesehatan telah ditetapkan sanksi bagi setiap orang yang mengedarkan sediaan farmasi tanpa izin edar, dan telah diterbitkannya Peraturan Badan Pengawasan Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) khusus mengenai pengawasan dan peredaran obat dan makanan secara daring. Namun masih saja terjadi peredaran kosmetik berbahaya baik secara langsung maupun online. Maka dari itu perlu ditemukannya permasalahan dari, norma pengaturan peredaran kosmetik melalui marketplace di Indonesia, dan tanggung jawab hukum marketplace terhadap peredaran produk kosmetik berbahaya ditinjau dari Putusan Pengadilan Negeri Nomor 176/Pid.Sus/2019/PN.Kln. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode yuridis normatif dengan pendekatan perundang-undangan dan pendekatan kasus, dengan mewawancarai praktisi dan pakar e-commerce. Dari hasil penelitian tersebut, dapat disimpulkan bahwa norma pengaturan khusus mengenai pengawasan marketplace dalam peredaran kosmetik belum memadai, dan juga tanggung jawab hukum dari marketplace belum dilakukan secara penuh dan memadai. Marketplace bersikap kurang pro aktif dalam mengawasi legalitas pelaku usaha di bidang kosmetika, sehingga peredaran kosmetik berbahaya melalui marketplace masih banyak ditemukan. Maka dari itu perlu dikaji permasalahan beberapa peraturan perundang-undangan yang mengatur tanggung jawab dan wewenang dari marketplace, seperti yang diatur dalam Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 80 Tahun 2019 Tentang Perdagangan Melalui Sistem Elektronik, serta Peraturan BPOM (PerBPOM) Nomor 8 Tahun 2020 Tentang Pengawasan Obat dan Makanan Yang Diedarkan Secara Daring, Kementrian Perdagangan perlu mengawasi dan memberikan tindakan yang tegas agar marketplace dapat turut bertanggung jawab apabila masih ditemukan peredaran produk yang berbahaya melalui marketplace dan kepada pelaku usaha yang mengedarkan kosmetik dapat dikenakan sanksi yang menimbulkan efek jera. / The circulation of harmful cosmetics can result in adverse effects to the health of buyers using it. Cosmetics that are harmful to contain ingredients that can threaten health. Technological advances become an easy means of harmful cosmetics can circulate primarily from the marketplace platform. In Regulation number 36/2009 about health has been determined to be sanctioned for any person who circulates a pharmacy without a distribution permit, and has published a specific regulation of the Agency for Drug and Food Control (BPOM) on the supervision and circulation of drugs and food online. However, there are still harmful cosmetic circulation either directly or online. Therefore, it is necessary to found the problem of, the norm of cosmetic circulation arrangement through marketplace in Indonesia, and the responsibility of the marketplace on the circulation of harmful cosmetic products is reviewed by the decision of the state court No. 176/Pid. Sus/2019/PN.Kln. This study uses a normative juridical method with a statutory approach and a case approach, by interviewing practitioners and e-commerce experts. From the results of the study, it can be concluded that the norm of special arrangement on marketplace surveillance in cosmetic circulation has not been adequate, and also the legal responsibility of the marketplace has not been conducted in full and adequate. Marketplace is less pro-active in supervising the legality of business actors in the field of cosmetics, so that the circulation of harmful cosmetics through the marketplace is still found. Therefore, it is necessary to examined the problems of some laws governing the responsibility and authority of the marketplace, as stipulated in government Regulation Number 80/2019 about trading through electronic systems, as well as Regulation BPOM (PerBPOM) Number 8/2020 about drug and food supervision released online, The Ministry of Trade needs to supervise and provide strict measures in order for the marketplace to be responsible if there is a harmful product circulation in the marketplace, and to businesses that distribute cosmetics can be penalized that cause a deterrent effect.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Kamil, Tika Widya Anindhitta01659180045widyaanin23@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorIrawati, JovitaNIDN0327067003graduate.admission@uph.edu
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tanggung Jawab, Marketplace, Kosmetik Berbahaya
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Law
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Law
Depositing User: Tika Widya Anindhitta Kamil
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2020 03:14
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2020 03:14
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/10428

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