Analisis yuridis insolvency test menurut undang-undang nomor 37 tahun 2004 tentang kepailitan dan penundaan kewajiban pembayaran utang

Lessy, Mugram (2020) Analisis yuridis insolvency test menurut undang-undang nomor 37 tahun 2004 tentang kepailitan dan penundaan kewajiban pembayaran utang. Masters thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Tesis ini membahas mengenai insolvensi sebagai syarat pengajuan kepailitan. Dalam hukum kepailitan debitor dapat dimohonkan pernyataan pailit apabila debitor tersebut dalam keadaan insolven “tidak mampu membayar utang”. Keadaan insolven adalah keadaan dimana aset yang dimiliki debitor tidak mencukupi untuk memenuhi kewajiban membayar utang. Syarat Kepailitan yang terdapat dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 tentang Kepailitan dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang hanya mensyaratkan terdapatnya lebih dari dua kreditor dan utang yang jatuh waktu tanpa syarat insolvensi. Hal tersebut menyebabkan banyak perusahaan di Indonesia yang masih solven dipailitkan. Teisis ini disusun dengan metode penulisan hukum yuridis normatif untuk menghasilkan data yang bersifat deskriptif analitis. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa pertama, di Amerika Serikat dan Inggris mengatur insolvensi sebagai syarat permohonan pailit, salah satu metode yang digunakan adalah balance sheet insolvency test. Metode ini digunakan untuk menentukan kemapuan membayar debitor saat jatuh waktu utangnya, dengan menilai dari aset-aset yang dimiliki debitor dibandingkan dengan kewajibannya saat jatuh waktu utangnya; kedua, dengan peran Hakim memaksimalkan fungsinya sebagai penegak hukum dan keadilan sesuai amanat Pasal 1 Ayat (1) Juncto Pasal 5 Ayat (1) Undang-Undang Nomor 48 Tahun 2009 Tetantang Kekuasaan Kehakiman dapat memanfaatkan insolvency test dikaitkan dengan Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 menjadikan kemampuan membayar sebagai syarat kepailitan selain dari syarat yang sudah ditentukan untuk memberikan keseimbangan dan perlindungan hukum kepada kreditor, debitor, dan stakeholders dalam menjaga iklim investasi dan pertumbuhan ekonomi secara nasional, sehingga debitor yang solven tidak mudah dipailitkan. / This thesis discusses insolvency as a condition for filing bankruptcy. In the bankruptcy law, a debtor can be requested for a bankruptcy statement if the debtor is insolvent "unable to pay the debt". Insolvency is a condition where the assets owned by the debtor are insufficient to meet the obligation to pay debts. Bankruptcy requirements contained in Law Number 37 Year 2004 concerning Bankruptcy and Postponement of Debt Payment Obligations only require that there are more than two creditors and debts that have matured without insolvency conditions. This caused many companies in Indonesia that were still solvent to go bankrupt. This theory is structured using normative juridical law writing method to produce descriptive analytical data. The results of the study conclude that first, in the United States and Britain regulating insolvency as a requirement for bankruptcy applications, one of the methods used is the balance sheet insolvency test. This method is used to determine the ability to pay the debtor at maturity of his debt, by assessing the assets owned by the debtor against his liabilities at maturity of the debt; second, with the role of Judges maximizing their function as law enforcer and justice in accordance with the mandate of Article 1 Paragraph (1) Juncto Article 5 Paragraph (1) of Law Number 48 Year 2009 Challenging Judicial Power can utilize insolvency tests linked to Law Number 37 Year 2004 make the ability to pay as a condition for bankruptcy apart from the predetermined conditions to provide balance and legal protection to creditors, debtors and stakeholders in maintaining the investment climate and national economic growth, so that solvent debtors are not easily bankrupt.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Lessy, MugramNIM01659180034mugram.lessy@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorSihombing, JonkerNIDN0324024801UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bankruptcy ; Insolvency Tests ; Judge
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Law
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Law
Depositing User: Mugram Lessy
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2020 04:56
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2020 04:56
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/10576

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