Faktor - faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian ASI pada anak usia 0 - 23 bulan di Siloam Hospitals Lippo Village = Factors that are related to breastfeeding in children aged 0 - 23 months in Siloam Hospitals Lippo Village

Cenadi, Jacob Christian (2020) Faktor - faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian ASI pada anak usia 0 - 23 bulan di Siloam Hospitals Lippo Village = Factors that are related to breastfeeding in children aged 0 - 23 months in Siloam Hospitals Lippo Village. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Pemberian asupan gizi yang baik pada dua tahun pertama kehidupan sangat penting. Air Susu Ibu (ASI) merupakan asupan gizi yang sangat diperlukan pada dua tahun pertama kelahiran. WHO merekomendasikan pemberian ASI eksklusif hingga enam bulan, dilanjutkan dengan MP – ASI dan ASI hingga anak usia dua tahun. Banyak faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian ASI pada anak usia 0 – 23 bulan seperti jenis kelamin anak, berat badan lahir anak, usia kehamilan anak saat dilahirkan dan cara anak dilahirkan. Di Indonesia, penelitian mengenai faktor – faktor yang mempengaruhi pemberian ASI masih kurang, dan juga belum ada data mengenai topik ini di Siloam Hospitals Lippo Karawaci. Tujuan: Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui faktor – faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemberian ASI pada anak usia 0 – 23 bulan di Siloam Hospitals Lippo Karawaci. Hipotesis: Terdapat hubungan antara pemberian ASI pada anak usia 0 – 23 bulan dengan jenis kelamin anak, berat badan lahir anak, usia kehamilan anak saat dilahirkan, cara anak dilahirkan, pekerjaan ibu, kelainan kongenital, dan jumlah bayi saat dilahirkan. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan studi potong lintang dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 164 dari waktu 1 Januari 2015 hingga 31 Januari 2020. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan data sekunder yang berasal dari rekam medik Siloam Hospitals Lippo Village. Data akan dianalisis menggunakan uji statistik chi kuadrat dan menggunakan SPSS 25. Hasil : Terdapat 170 sampel yang sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi dan dimasukkan ke dalam analisis. Ditemukan 89,4% anak diberikan ASI, 93,5% anak lahir secara term, 98,2% anak dengan BBLN, 52,9% anak perempuan, 84,1% melahirkan secara seksio sesarea, dan 54,7% ibu bekerja. Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pekerjaan ibu dengan pemberian ASI, tetapi tidak ditemukan hubungan antara usia gestasi, berat badan lahir, jenis kelamin anak, metode persalinan, kelainan kongenital, dan jumlah bayi dengan pemberian ASI. Kesimpulan : Terdapat hubungan antara pekerjaan ibu dengan pemberian ASI. Tidak terdapat hubungan antara usia gestasi, berat badan lahir, jenis kelamin anak, metode persalinan, kelainan kongenital, dan jumlah bayi saat dilahirkan dengan pemberian ASI. Kata Kunci: Pemberian ASI, jenis kelamin, cara anak dilahirkan, berat badan lahir, usia kehamilan saat lahir, pekerjaan ibu, kelainan kongenital, jumlah bayi saat dilahirkan / Background: The delivery of adequate nutrition in the first two first years of life is very essential. Breastmilk remain the most needed nutritional intake in the first two years of life. The WHO recommnedation for breastfeeding states that breastmilk is fed exclusively for the first six months of life, continued by complementary food and continued breastfeeding until the second year of life. There are many factors affecting breastfeeding in children aged 0 – 23 months such as the child’s gender, the child’s birth weight, gestational age at delivery, and type of delivery. In Indonesia, researches about the factors that are related to breastfeeding are scarce, and there are no known data on this topic in Siloam Hospitals Lippo Village. Aim: This research is conducted with the aim of understand the factors that are related to breastfeeding in children aged 0 – 23 months in Siloam Hospitals Lippo Village. Hypothesis: There is a correlation between breastfeeding in children aged 0 – 23 months and : child’s gender, child’s birth weight, gestational age at delivery, method of delivery, mother’s profession, congenital malformation, and birth count. Method: This research is conducted using a cross sectional study with a sample size of 164 within the timeframe of 1st of January 2015 to 31st of January 2020. Data collection will be done using secondary data from the medical records of Siloam Hospitals Lippo Village. The data will be analyzed using Chi Squared and SPSS 25. Results : 170 samples were included for analysis in this research. 89.4% of babies were breastfed, 93.5% babies were born in term, normal birth weight was found in 98.2% of samples, 52.9% of samples were found to be girls, 84.1 % were born through caesarean section, and 54.7% of mothers were found to be working. There was a significant relationship between mother’s occupation and breastfeeding, but no significant relationship was found between gestational age, birth weight, child’s gender, method of delivery, congenital malformation, and delivery count with breastfeeding. Conclusion : There was a relationship between mother’s occupation and breastfeeding. There was no relationship between gestational age, birth weight, child’s gender, method of delivery, congenital malformation, and delivery count with breastfeeding. Keywords: Breastfeeding, gender, method of delivery, birthweight, gestational age at delivery, mother’s profession, congenital malformation, birth count

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Cenadi, Jacob ChristianNIM01071170098jacobcenadi@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorRivami, Dwi SavitriNIDN0314077601UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: pemberian ASI, jenis kelamin, cara anak dilahirkan, berat badan lahir, usia kehamilan saat lahir, pekerjaan ibu, kelainan kongenital, jumlah bayi saat dilahirkan
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Jacob Christian Cenadi
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2020 03:45
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2020 08:06
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/11976

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