Hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan fungsi kognitif pada Mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran UPH

Noor, Muhammad Farhan (2020) Hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan fungsi kognitif pada Mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran UPH. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Obesitas sudah menjadi masalah yang memiliki resiko tinggi pada kesehatan. Obesitas pada remaja meningkat secara pesat di negara barat selama beberapa waktu terakhir. Penyebab obesitas sangat kompleks dalam arti banyak sekali faktor yang menyebabkan obesitas terjadi. Obesitas pada usia pertengahan sering dihubungkan dengan menurunnya fungsi kognitif pada usia lanjut. Beberapa penelitian sebelumnya masih menemukan hasil yang kontroversial dan belum ada penelitian yang dilakukan terhadap usia muda, sehingga membuat peneliti tertarik untuk meneliti kembali mengenai hal tersebut, ditujukan khusus kepada populasi remaja dikarenakan juga prevalensi obesitas pada remaja yang meningkat dalam beberapa tahun terakhir. Tujuan Penelitian: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara indeks massa tubuh dengan fungsi kognitif pada mahasiswa dan mahasiswi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan. Metode Penelitian: Jenis penelitian ini adalah studi potong lintang dan data diambil langsung secara purposive sampling dengan kriteria inklusi mahasiswa yang berusia 18-25 tahun dan kriteria eksklusi mahasiswa yang memiliki tekanan darah tinggi, menderita diabetes mellitus tipe 2, memiliki intensitas aktifitas fisik yang rendah serta mahasiswa yang memiliki kecemasan. Fungsi kognitif diukur menggunakan kuisioner MoCA-INA. Pengambilan data berlangsung selama 5 bulan dari Januari hingga Mei 2020. Hasil data yang terkumpul diolah menggunakan uji statistik Mann-Whitney U dan dengan IBM Statistic Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 25. Hasil penelitian: Sampel penelitian total berjumlah 132 orang. Rata-rata indeks massa tubuh mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran UPH adalah 23,418 kg/m2 dan sebanyak 81 orang (61,4%) dari 132 sampel memiliki fungsi kognitif yang buruk. Dari hasil uji hipotesis, ditemukan adanya perbedaan bermakna pada indeks massa tubuh mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran UPH dengan gangguan kognitif dan tidak dengan P Value sebesar 0,009. Kesimpulan: Terdapat perbedaan median indeks massa tubuh pada mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran UPH dengan gangguan kognitif dan tidak./Background: Obesity has become a problem that has a high risk to health. Obesity in adolescents has increased rapidly in western countries over the past few years. The cause of obesity is very complex in the sense that there are many factors that cause obesity to occur. Obesity in middle age is often associated with decreased cognitive function in old age. Several previous studies on the relationship of body mass index with cognitive function still found controversial results and there are no studies done among young age that made the researcher interested in re-examining it, specifically aimed at young adult populations due to the increasing prevalence of obesity in young adult in the recent years. Objective: The objective of this research is to find out the relationship between body mass index and cognitive function in medical students of Universitas Pelita Harapan. Method: This type of research is a cross-sectional study. The samples included were active students aged 18-25 years and students with high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus type-2, students with low intensity of physical activity and students with anxiety were excluded. Subject selection used is purposive sampling and the cognitive function is measuered using MoCA- INA. Data collection took place for 5 months from January to May 2020. The collected data were processed using the Mann-U Whitney statistical tests and with the IBM Statistic Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 25. Result: The total research sample numbered are 132 students. The result of the research found that the mean Body Mass Index of the students is 23,418 kg/m2 and from 132 samples, 81 (61,4%) of them have a decline in cognitive function The result showed that there is a difference in body mass index of medical students of Universitas Pelita Harapan with a cognitive decline and not with a P value of 0,009. Conclusion: There is a difference of body mass index median between medical students of Universitas Pelita Harapan with cognitive decline and not.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Noor, Muhammad FarhanNIM01071170099farhanionoor11@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorTanaka, dr. MichaelNIDN0308058403michael.tanaka@uph.edu
Uncontrolled Keywords: obesitas, fungsi kognitif, indeks massa tubuh
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Muhammad Farhan Noor
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2020 02:38
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2021 07:21
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/12080

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