Hubungan tingkat pengetahuan diabetes mellitus tipe 2 dengan terkontrolnya kadar glikemik pasien poliklinik penyakit dalam RSU Siloam Lippo Village

Aprilyanri, Iegreat (2020) Hubungan tingkat pengetahuan diabetes mellitus tipe 2 dengan terkontrolnya kadar glikemik pasien poliklinik penyakit dalam RSU Siloam Lippo Village. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Di Indonesia, pada tahun 2014 diabetes mellitus (DM) dengan komplikasi menempati penyebab kematian tertinggi ketiga. Risiko terdapatnya komplikasi meningkat pada pasien DM dengan kadar glikemik tidak terkontrol. Salah satu faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi kadar glikemik adalah tingkat pengetahuan DM. Penelitian mengenai hubungan tingkat pengetahuan dengan kadar glikemik belum pernah dilakukan di Indonesia. Beberapa studi menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pertentangan mengenai hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan DM tipe 2 dengan kadar glikemik. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan tingkat pengetahuan dengan kadar glikemik pada pasien diabetes mellitus tipe 2 di Rumah Sakit Umum Siloam Lippo Village. Telah dilakukan studi analitik observasional dengan desain potong lintang dengan total sampel penelitian 37 orang. Pengetahuan DM diukur menggunakan kuesioner Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test (MDKT) yang terdiri dari General Knowledge Part (GKP) dan Insulin Use Part (IUP) untuk kadar glikemik akan menggunakan hasil tes HbA1c. Kuesioner penelitian diberikan kepada responden yang telah memenuhi syarat kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Pada penelitian ini, pengambilan sampel metode purporsive. Analisa data menggunakan korelasi Spearman dengan perangkat lunak IBM Statistical Product and Service Solution (SPSS) versi 20. Ditemukan hasil korelasi negatif moderat yang signifikan antara nilai GKP dengan kadar glikemik, r -0,425 p value 0,009. Tidak ditemukan korelasi signifikan antara IUP dengan kadar glikemik, r -0,233 p value 0,164. Proporsi pasien Diabetes Mellitus tipe 2 yang memiliki kadar glikemik terkontrol di RSU Siloam Lippo Village adalah adalah 12 orang (37,84%). Untuk penelitian selanjutnya dapat dilakukan dengan jumlah sampel lebih besar dengan menguji varibel lainnya seperti usia, kepatuhan pengobatan dan durasi terdiagnosa dan fasilitas kesehatan dapat memberi edukasi kepada pasien DM untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan tentang DM. Kata Kunci: T2DM, Diabetes Mellitus, Tingkat pengetahuan, HbA1c / ABSTRACT Diabetes Mellitus (DM) with complication is the 3rd leading cause of death in Indonesia, as risk of complication increases tremendously in uncontrolled diabetes patients. One of the factors that affects glycemic control is level of knowledge. Several studies have shown that there is a contradiction between Diabetes Mellitus knowledge and glycemic control. Purpose of this study is to find out correlation between knowledge and glycemic control on diabetes mellitus type 2 patients at Rumah Sakit Umum (RSU) Siloam Lippo Village. An analytic observational with cross-sectional study was conducted. With total sample of 37 subject, in which self-administered Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test questionnaire was given to the correspondent were qualified for the inclusion and exclusion criteria. HbA1c test result was used to measure glycemic control. Purposive non-probability sampling method was used in this study for data collection. Data analysis was done using Spearman correlation equation using IBM Statistical Product and Service Solution (SPSS) ver .20. In total, 37 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients was included in this study. 56,8% were women, 32,4% had BMI of Obesity type 1, with 43,2% had higher education background and 35,1% had history of diabetes for 5 to 10 years. Mean age (SD) of these patients was 58,86 ± 10,91 years. Median score for General Knowledge Part was 8 while Insulin Use Part was 4. Significant moderate negative correlation was found between General Knowledge Part of MDKT with glycemic control, r -0,425 p value 0,009. No correlation was found between Insulin Use Part (IUP) with glycemic control, , r -0,233 p value 0,164. 37,84% of T2DM patients at RSU Siloam Lippo Village have controlled glycaemic. It is recommended for future research to also include other confounding factors including age, duration of diagnosis of T2DM and medication adherence. Medical workers also could take part in increasing patients knowledge on DM on T2DM patients. Keywords: T2DM, Diabetes Mellitus, Knowledge, HbA1c

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Aprilyanri, IegreatNIM01071170188iegreataprilyanri@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorMoningkey, Shirley IvonneNIDN0421046202shirleymoningkey@gmail.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: T2DM; Diabetes Mellitus; Tingkat pengetahuan; HbA1c
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Iegreat Aprilyanri
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2020 02:52
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2020 07:46
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/12095

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