Hubungan antara tingkat kontrol asma dengan kualitas tidur pada penyandang asma

Fitrianydani, Dewinta (2020) Hubungan antara tingkat kontrol asma dengan kualitas tidur pada penyandang asma. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Tidur merupakan bagian penting dari rutinitas harian, kualitas tidur dan waktu tidur yang baik dapat mempengaruhi sistem dalam tubuh, contohnya paru – paru. Asma menurut World Health Organization (WHO) adalah penyakit kronis yang ditandai dengan serangan sesak napas dan mengi berulang, gejala yang ada pada sebagian orang dapat menjadi lebih buruk pada malam hari sehingga dapat mengganggu kualitas tidur. Menurut penelitian sebelumnya sekitar 33% penderita asma tidak terkontrol memiliki gangguan tidur. Gangguan tidur yang sering dialami adalah kesulitan tidur dan eksaserbasi pada malam hari, ini menunjukan bahwa asma yang tidak terkontrol dapat mempengaruhi kualitas tidur. Tujuan Penelitian: Mengetahui pengaruh tingkat kontrol asma terhadap kualitas tidur pada penyandang asma. Metode Penelitian: Metode penelitian ini menggunakan studi analitik komparatif kategorik tidak berpasangan dengan desain studi cross-sectional pada 79 responden penyandang asma yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Hasil: Hasil uji Chi-Square menunjukkan tidak adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara tingkat kontrol asma dengan kualitas tidur dengan nilai p-value sebesar 0,261. Nilai confidence interval 95% sebesar 0,692-9,155. Dari jumlah total 59 responden penelitian terdapat 44 orang yang memiliki tingkat kontrol asma yang baik, 47,7% di antaranya memiliki kualitas tidur yang baik dan 52,3% di antaranya memiliki kualitas tidur yang buruk. Simpulan: Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara tingkat kontrol asma dengan kualitas tidur pada penyandang asma. Kata Kunci: Asma • Tingkat kontrol asma • Kualitas tidur • Tidur • Penyandang asma / Background: Sleep is an important part of daily routine, good sleep quality and good sleep can affect the system of the body, for example the lungs. Asthma according to World Health Organization (WHO) is a chronic disease that is characterized by repeated attacks of shortness of breath and wheezing, the symptoms that exist in some people may become worse at night which affect the sleep quality. According to previous studies, about 33% of people with uncontrolled asthma have sleep disturbance. Sleep disorders that often experienced are difficulty of sleeping and exacerbations at night, this shows uncontrolled asthma affects sleep quality. Aim of Study: The aim of this research is to know the effect of level of asthma control on sleep quality in people with asthma. Methods: This research uses an unpaired comparative analytic study with a cross- sectional study design on 79 respondents with asthma who fulfil the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Result: The results of the Chi-Square test showed that there was no significant relationship between asthma control levels and sleep quality with a p-value of 0.261. The 95% confidence interval value is 0.692-9.155. From a total of 59 study respondents, 44 people had a good level of asthma control, 47.7% of whom had good sleep quality and 52.3% of them had poor sleep quality. Conclusion: There is no significant relationship between asthma control levels and sleep quality in people with asthma. Keywords: Asthma • Level of asthma control • Sleep quality • Sleep • People with asthma

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Fitrianydani, DewintaNIM00000022358dewintaftr@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorWidysanto, AllenNIDN0331017005allenwidy@yahoo.co.id
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asma; Tingkat kontrol asma; Kualitas tidur; Tidur; Penyandang asma
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Dewinta Fitriandyani
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2020 02:34
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2021 02:52
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/12122

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