Hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan peningkatan tekanan darah pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan angkatan 2017-2019

Wu, Bella (2020) Hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan peningkatan tekanan darah pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan angkatan 2017-2019. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Latar belakang : Obesitas merupakan salah satu faktor resiko terjadinya komplikasi seperti penyakit kardiovaskular. Angka obesitas di Indonesia terus meningkat setiap tahunnya, pada tahun 2018 mencapai kenaikan hingga 21,8%. Salah satu dampak obesitas adalah peningkatan tekanan darah. Indeks massa tubuh merupakan parameter obesitas sederhana yang dapat digunakan secara cepat, praktis dan tidak invasif. Banyak penelitian menyatakan hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan tekanan darah pada usia dewasa namun masih sedikit yang melakukan penelitian pada usia remaja, khususnya kedokteran dimana banyak faktor yang dapat mencetuskan terjadinya obesitas. Metode penelitian : Penelitian ini merupakan studi observasional potong lintang. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 131 subjek yang merupakan mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran UPH. Uji statistik penelitian ini menggunakan uji Mann-Whitney serta uji bivariat korelasi spearman yang akan diolah dengan program komputer SPSS. Hasil penelitian : Hasil penelitian didapat bahwa terhadap perbedaan yang signifikan antara indeks massa tubuh dengan peningkatan tekanan darah dimana p = 0,000 (p<0,05) dengan perbedaan median untuk tekanan darah sistol dan distol sebesar 10 mmHg. Terdapat pula hubungan yang signifikan dengan p = 0,000 (p<0,05), r= 0,472 yang menandakan hubungan yang sedang untuk indeks massa tubuh dan tekanan sistolik, begitu pula dengan hubungan yang signifikan p = 0,000 (p,0,05), r= 0,335 yang menandakan hubungan yang rendah untuk indeks massa tubuh dengan tekanan diastolik. Kesimpulan : Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara indeks massa tubuh dengan peningkatan tekanan darah dan perbedaan tekanan darah yang signifikan. Background : Obesity is one factor that has the potential to be a complication of cardiovascular disease. The obesity rate in Indonesia continues to increase every year, in 2018 reaching an increase of up to 21.8%. Effect of increasing body weight is an increase in blood pressure. Body mass index is a simple obesity parameter that can be used quickly, practically an non invasively. Many studies state the relationship of mass research with blood in adulthood but only a few do research in adolescence, especially medical student where have many factors can causes obesity. Methods : This research is a cross sectional observational study. The research sample consisted of 131 subjects who wew UPH Faculty of Medicine students. The statistical test of this study uses the Mann Whitney test and the Spearman correlation test which will be processed with the computer program SPSS. Result : The results showed that for a significant difference between body mass index with an increase in blood pressure where p= 0,000 (p<0,05) with a median difference for systole and diastolic are 10 mmHg. There was also a significant relationship with p=0,000 (p<0,05), r=0,472 indicating a moderate relationship for body mass index and systolic pressure, as well as a significant relationship p=0,000 (p<0,05), r=0,335, which indicates a low relationship of body mass index and diastolic pressure. Conclusion : There is a significant relationship between body mass index with increased blood pressure and significant difference in blood pressure.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Wu, BellaNIM01071170159wubella4@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorWiwing, VeronicaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Bella Wu
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2020 02:48
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2020 07:31
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/12169

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