Perbedaan blood pressure variability pada pekerja kantor dan pekerja pabrik di PT.Allegra Living Semarang

Tjong, Ellen (2020) Perbedaan blood pressure variability pada pekerja kantor dan pekerja pabrik di PT.Allegra Living Semarang. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Blood Pressure Variability (BPV) merupakan sebuah fenomena atau pola dimana terdapat fluktuasi tekanan darah yang didapat dari waktu ke waktu. Adanya peningkatan pada BPV menunjukan resiko tinggi terhadap organ rusak, kejadian penyakit kardiovaskular hingga kematian. Pekerja pabrik cenderung memiliki tekanan pada fisik dan memiliki tugas dan tanggung jawab yang lebih tinggi dari pada pekerja kantor dan pekerja kantor cenderung memiliki tekanan psikis. Beberapa penelitian sebelumnya menunjukan adanya peningkatan pengukuran BPV pada pekerja dengan tuntutan atau tekanan pekerjaan lebih tinggi. Tujuan: Membandingkan dan mengetahui ada atau tidaknya perbedaan BPV pada pekerja kantor dan pekerja pabrik di PT. Allegra Living Semarang. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode potong lintang analitik dimana metode pengambilan sampel secara consecutive pada pada 32 pekerja kantor dan 32 pekerja pabrik di PT. Allegra Living Semarang. Pengukuran tekanan darah dilakukan menggunakan OMRON HEM-7130 sebanyak 2 kali pada jam 09.00 dan jam 12.00 dalam 2 hari. BPV akan diestimasi menggunakan 3 indeks perhitungan BPV (DBlood Pressure, Average Real Variability dan Coefficient of Variation) . Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan SPSS 26.0 dan uji statistik menggunakan T-test dan Mann-u Whitney. Hasil: Perhitungan indeks BPV pada pekerja pabrik memiliki hasil pengukuran yang signifikan lebih tinggi dibanding pekerja kantor pada DBP (DSistol: 11,06 ± 5,47 mmHg; DDiastol: 9,43 ± 3,81mmHg), ARV (sistol: 5,21 ± 2,36 mmHg; diastol: 4,53 ± 2,23mmHg), COV diastol: 5,12 ± 2,12 mmHg. Pada indeks COV sistol juga menunjukan hasil yang lebih tinggi pada pekerja pabrik namun tidak signifikan (p >0,05). Adanya tekanan yang berbeda pada pekerja kantor dan pekerja pabrik memiliki perbedaan hasil BPV dimana lebih tinggi pada pekerja pabrik. Kata kunci : Blood Pressure Variability (BPV), pekerja kantor, pekerja pabrik, delta tekanan darah (DBP), Average Real Variability (ARV), Coefficient of Variation (COV) / Background: Blood pressure variability (BPV) is a phenomena or pattern influenced by fluctuations of blood pressure obtained from time to time. An increase in blood pressure variability shows higher risk of target organ damage, cardiovascular events and up to mortality. Duties and responsibility were found higher among factory workers and they tend to have physical pressure rather than office workers, and they tend to have psychological pressure. Previous researchers has shown an increase of BPV in workers with higher job strain and workload. Aim: To compare and determine the presence or absence difference of BPV among office workers and factory workers in PT. Allegra Living Semarang Methods: This research uses a cross-sectional design where data sampling will be taken using consecutive sampling on 32 office workers and 32 factory workers in PT. Allegra Living Semarang. Measurement of blood pressure will be done by using OMRON HEM-7130 twice on 9 am and 12 pm in 2 days. The minimum amount of sample required is 64. BPV will be estimated using 3 indices such as D Blood Pressure, Average Real Variability dan Coefficient of Variation. Data analysis will be performed using SPSS26.0 and statistic test using T-test and Mann u Whitney Result: Indices calculation on factory workers shows significantly higher than office workers shows in DBP (DSystole : 11,06 ± 5,47 mmHg; DDiastole: 9,43 ± 3,81mmHg), ARV (systole: 5,21 ± 2,36 mmHg; diastole: 4,53 ± 2,23mmHg), COV diastole: 5,12 ± 2,12 mmHg. Other indices shows no significant different (p>0,05) in COV systole although factory workers shows higher result. These result provide different job strain between office and factory workers shows different BPV among them, where BPV shows higher result on factory workers. Keywords: Blood Pressure variability, office workers, factory workers, delta Blood Pressure (DBP), Average Real Variability (ARV), Coefficient of Variation (COV)

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Tjong, EllenNIM01071170116momo11maygita@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorLukito, AntoniaNIDN0317096202lukito_ant@yahoo.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: blood pressure variability (BPV); pekerja kantor; pekerja pabrik; delta tekanan darah (DBP); average real variability (ARV); coefficient of variation (COV)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Tjong Ellen Maygita
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2020 02:53
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2020 02:53
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/12180

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