Hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan flat foot pada remaja berumur 13 - 15 di Jakarta

Karsan, Leonard Antonius (2020) Hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan flat foot pada remaja berumur 13 - 15 di Jakarta. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Indeks massa tubuh adalah sebuah metode untuk menilai komposisi tubuh yang berkaitan dengan status gizi. Tingginya indeks massa tubuh yang berlangsung dalam waktu yang lama dapat menyebabkan deformitas pada kaki dan salah satunya adalah flat foot. Flat foot adalah suatu kondisi dimana lekukan atau lengkungan di telapak kaki menjadi rata, sehingga hampir atau keseluruhan dari telapak kaki seseorang menyentuh tanah saat sedang berdiri atau berjalan. Beberapa penelitian sebelumnya menyatakan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara Indeks massa tubuh dengan flat foot, namun masih sedikit yang meneliti hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan flat foot pada remaja, terutama di Indonesia. Tujuan:Mengetahui hubungan indeks massa tubuh dengan flat foot pada remaja berumur 13-15 tahun di Jakarta Metode penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan studi desain cross-sectional. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 83 orang yang merupakan murid sekolah menengah dasar Sekolah Kristen Rahmani yang akan dipilih menggunakan metode convenience sampling. Pengumpulan data akan menggunakan pengukuran berat badan, tinggi badan dan wet footprint test untuk menentukan adanya flat foot dalam jangka waktu Februari - Maret 2020. Hasil penelitian akan diolah dengan metode Chi - Square. Hasil: Dari 43 responden ditemukan 12 anak (27,91%) dengan kondisi flat foot dan 31 anak (72,09%) dengan kondisi kaki normal. Hasil analisa data menggunakan uji fisher yang didapat berupa 0,005. Odd Ratio yang didapat berupa 9,45 dengan 95% Confidence Interval 1,995 - 44,771. Semua ini dapat diartikan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara indeks massa tubuh dengan kejadian flat foot. Kata kunci: Indeks massa tubuh, flat foot, uji fisher/Background: Body mass index is a method to assess the composition of the body that correlates with nutritional status of a person. A prolonged condition of high body mass index can cause deformities to the foot and one of them is flat foot. Flat foot is a condition where the arch of the foot becomes flat, with some or the whole soles of the foot touches the ground when standing or walking. Previous studies have mentioned that there is a positive association between body mass index and flat foot, but there are only a few that researched this topic on teenagers, especially in Indonesia. Aim:To find out the association between body mass index and flat foot among teenagers at the age of 13-15 in Jakarta Method: The study design chosen for this research is Cross sectional. Samples would be taken from Junior High of Sekolah Kristen Rahmani using convenient sampling. Targeted sample size of this research is 83 subjects. Data would be collected from wet footprint test, weight measurement and height measurement during the period of February - March 2020. The result of this research would be processed with the method of Chi-Square. Result: The study was conducted on 43 subjects who consist of 12 children with flat foot and 41 children with normal foot. The result from data alaysis using fisher test was 0.005 with odd of 9.45 and 95% confidence interval of 1.995 – 44.771. All this can be interpreted that there is a significant relationship between body mass index with the incidence of flat foot. Keyword: Body mass index, flat foot, fisher test

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Karsan, Leonard AntoniusNIM01071170051leonard.antonius5009@yahoo.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorSuryadinata, NenengNIDN0331106301neneng.suryadinata@uph.edu
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indeks massa tubuh, flat foot, uji fisher
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Leonard Antonius Karsan
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 00:26
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2020 00:26
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/12663

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