Perancangan ruang komunitas sebagai wadah kreativitas bagi penyandang disabilitas fisik = Designing community spaces as a creative place for person with physical disabilities

Putri, Diandra Arya Eka (2021) Perancangan ruang komunitas sebagai wadah kreativitas bagi penyandang disabilitas fisik = Designing community spaces as a creative place for person with physical disabilities. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Ruang komunitas merupakan sebuah sarana nyata yang berfungsi untuk berinteraksi, berkumpul, ataupun melakukan suatu hal dan terikat oleh suatu rasa identitas dan tujuan yang sama. Ruang komunitas seharusnya dapat di akses oleh semua kalangan dan golongan masyarakat tanpa terkecuali. Pada kondisi manusia yang normal secara fisik maka manusia tersebut cenderung akan melakukan penyesuaian diri yang baik terhadap lingkungan maupun komunitasnya. Namun tidak sama halnya pada saat manusia tersebut memiliki kondisi fisik yang tidak normal atau tergolong manusia dengan disabilitas, maka kemampuan untuk menyesuaikan diri dengan lingkunganpun pasti akan lebih sulit. Baik dari segi aksesibilitas maupun komunikasinya. Maka penting untuk mengetahui bagaimana kriteria dalam merancang sebuah ruang komunitas yang sebenarnya dibutuhkan penyandang disabilitas fisik dalam mendukung segala aktivitasnya. Melalui metode kajian literatur, ditemukan bahwa menurut konsep universal desain terdapat 8 kriteria yang harus dipenuhi dalam merancang sebuah fungsi ruang agar dapat digunakan oleh semua golongan tanpa terkecuali. Yaitu body fit, kesadaran, kenyamanan, pemahaman, kesehatan, personalisasi, kesesuaian budaya, dan integrasi sosial. Dengan tujuan yaitu agar para penggunanya dapat dengan leluasa dan mudah dalam segala aktivitasnya. Berdasarkan Analisa data yang dilakukan, diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa kebutuhan para penyandang disabilitas fisik berbeda dengan menusia tanpa kebutuhan khusus. Baik dari dimensi suatu ruang maupun dimensi sarana pendukungnya. Aksesibilitas dan mobilitasnya-pun juga berbeda. Namun perbedaan yang terjadi pada sebuah desain ini tidak menjadikan adanya sebuah halangan bagi manusia tanpa kebutuhan khusus untuk menggunakan suatu fungsi ruang, melainkan menjadikan sebuah desain yang dapat digunakan oleh semua golongan baik penyandang disabilitas fisik atau bukan. /Community space is a real facility that functions to interact, gather, or do something and is bound by a common sense of identity and purpose. Community space should be accessible to all groups and groups of people without exception. In a normal human condition physically, these humans tend to make good adjustments to their environment and community. However, it is not the same when a person has an abnormal physical condition or is classified as a person with a disability, the ability to adapt to the environment will definitely be more difficult. Both in terms of accessibility and communication. So it is important to know what the criteria are in designing a community space that people with physical disabilities actually need to support all their activities. Through the literature review method, it was found that according to the universal design concept there are 8 criteria that must be met in designing a spatial function so that it can be used by all groups without exception. Namely body fit, awareness, comfort, understanding, health, personalization, cultural, and social integration. With the aim that users can freely and easily in all their activities. Based on the data analysis conducted, it was concluded that the needs of persons with physical disabilities are different from those of people without special needs. Both from the dimensions of a space and the dimensions of the supporting facilities. Accessibility and mobility are also different. However, the differences that occur in a design do not make it an obstacle for humans without a special need to use a spatial function, but rather make a design that can be used by all groups, whether people with physical disabilities or not.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Putri, Diandra Arya EkaNIM00000010053diandraarya@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorDewi, JuliaNIDN0306077104UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: disabilitas; ruang komunitas; universal design
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > School of Design > Architecture
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > School of Design > Architecture
Depositing User: Users 10136 not found.
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2021 03:42
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2021 03:42
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/14469

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