The Islamic state’s methods of persuasion in the recruitment of Indonesian citizens = Metode persuasi organisasi negara Islam dalam merekrut warga negara Indonesia

Clarissa, Dellazia (2021) The Islamic state’s methods of persuasion in the recruitment of Indonesian citizens = Metode persuasi organisasi negara Islam dalam merekrut warga negara Indonesia. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

The Islamic State emerged as one of the largest and most brutal radical Islamic organizations in history, reaching a wider audience and a large number of members through online recruitments and propaganda through social media and instant messaging applications. The objectives of this research are to identify the methods of recruitment used by the Islamic State in Indonesia and uncover the reasons why these methods were successful. This research uses qualitative approach and process-tracing method to identify the methods used to recruit Indonesian fighters and the event-structure analysis to find correlations within the cases of recruitment and have found that the most common methods are through socithis al media platforms and family connections. This research also found that the recruitment methods are successful because the Islamic State was able to take advantage of prospective recruits’ dissatisfaction towards certain aspects of their lives and formed an idea that the caliphate is a utopian heaven with solutions to their physical and psychological problems through the use of narrative research to find recounts of Indonesian recruits and analyzing them with the illustrative analysis method through the lens of Constructivism and persuasion concept. Despite the Islamic State’s rapid deterioration and loss of territories in recent years, hard power is not enough to defeat them. As long as the power of ideas within the supporters of the Islamic State is yet to be eradicated, Indonesian citizens will still be at risk of falling victim to radicalization and extremism under the guise of better living or jihad. / ISIS muncul sebagai salah satu organisasi Islam radikal terbesar dan paling brutal dalam sejarah yang dapat menjangkau khalayak yang lebih luas dan anggota melalui rekrutmen dan propaganda daring melalui media sosial dan aplikasi pesan instan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi metode rekrutmen yang digunakan oleh ISIS di Indonesia dan mengetahui alasan mengapa metode tersebut berhasil. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan metode penelusuran proses untuk mengidentifikasi metode yang digunakan untuk merekrut pejuang Indonesia dan analisis struktur peristiwa untuk menemukan korelasi dalam kasus perekrutan dan menemukan bahwa metode yang paling umum adalah melalui media sosial dan jaringan serta hubungan yang dimiliki calon anggota dengan seorang anggota dari ISIS. Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa metode rekrutmen yang digunakan telah berhasil karena ISIS mampu memanfaatkan ketidakpuasan calon rekrutan terhadap kehidupan mereka dan membentuk gagasan bahwa khilafah adalah surga utopis yang memiliki solusi untuk permaslaahan fisik dan psikologis mereka melalui penelitian naratif untuk menemukan benang merah antara kesaksian para rekrutan Indonesia dan menganalisisnya dengan metode analisis ilustratif melalui kacamata konsep konstruktivisme dan persuasi. Meskipun ISIS telah kehilangan wilayah dan kekuasaannya dalam beberapa tahun terakhir, kekuatan militer dan peperangan tidak cukup untuk mengalahkan mereka. Selama kekuatan pemikiran pendukung ISIS belum dibasmi, warga negara Indonesia masih dapat menjadi korban radikalisasi dan ekstremisme.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Clarissa, DellaziaNIM01043170016dellaziaclarissa@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorTambunan, Edwin M.B.NIDN0320076901UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Persuasion Methods; Constructivism; Terrorism; Jihad; ISIS; Islamic State; Metode Persuasi; Konstruktivisme; Terorisme; Negara Islam
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Depositing User: Users 6436 not found.
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2021 13:25
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2021 13:25
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/15029

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