Kekuatan akta autentik jaminan gadai atas saham dalam perseroan terbatas

Sari, Santi Purnama (2015) Kekuatan akta autentik jaminan gadai atas saham dalam perseroan terbatas. Masters thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Pembebanan jaminan bagi kreditor adalah untuk menjamin kepastian dan kesanggupan debitur membayar pinjamannya. Benda yang menjadi objek jaminan berupa barang bergerak dibebani dengan jaminan gadai sebagaimana diatur dalam Buku I] KUH Perdata. Pembebanan benda bergerak yaitu saham suatu perseroan terbatas sebagai jaminan gadai berbeda dengan pembebanan jaminan atas saham suatu perseroan terbatas sebagai jaminan fidusia. Untuk jaminan saham secara gadai, tidak ada keharusan untuk dibuat dalam akta autentik atau notaris sehingga dapat dibuat dalam akta bawah tangan atau akta autentik. Sedangkan untuk jaminan saham secara fidusia, ada keharusan untuk dibuat dalam suatu akta notaris dan dilakukan pendaftaran. Kantor pendaftaran fidusia akan menerbitkan sertifikat jaminan fidusia yang di dalamnya terdapat irah-irah kalimat “Demi Keadilan Berdasarkan Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa”, yang mempunyai kekuatan eksekutorial seperti putusan pengadilan yang telah memperoleh kekuatan hukum tetap. Berdasarkan penelitian dengan pendekatan peraturan perundang-undangan dan pendekatan konsep, diperoleh suatu kesimpulan sebagai _berikut: pertimbangan hukum yang mendasari saham dibebani jaminan gadai dan jaminan fidusia adalah bahwa saham merupakan benda bergerak karena ditentukan oleh undang-undang serta mempunyai nilai ekonomi dan bagi pemegang saham diberikan hak untuk membebankan saham sebagai jaminan gadai dan jaminan fidusia. Pembebanan saham sebagai jaminan gadai tanpa dibuatkan akta autentik kurang memberikan perlindungan hukum terhadap kreditor dan pembebanan saham dengan gadai perlakuannya tidak seistimewa seperti pembebanan saham dengan fidusia. Di dalam gadai, masih terdapat ketidakpastian dalam eksekusi objek jaminan gadai karena adanya perbedaan penafsiran ketentuan Pasal 1155 KUH Perdata. Terdapat ketidakpastian apakah eksekusi objek gadai dilakukan dengan cara fiat eksekusi atau parate eksekusi dan apakah dilakukan secara lelang atau secara privat atau di bawah tangan. Dengan adanya ketidakpastian ini, timbul risiko bagi kreditor sebagai penerima jaminan gadai karena mengenai proses eksekusi penjualan objek gadai ini berisiko mendapatkan perlawanan dari pihak debitur dan/atau pemberi gadai. / Imposition of a guarantee for creditors is to ensure certainty and the ability of debtor to repay its loans. Objects that encumbered as collateral in the form of movable goods are encumbered with pledge collateral as set out in Book II of the Indonesian Civil Code. Imposition of movable goods of shares in a limited liability company as pledge collateral is different from the imposition of shares in a limited liability company as fiduciary collateral. For the pledge over shares, there is no requirement to be made in an authentic deed or notarial deed as such it can be made in a private deed or authentic deed. Meanwhile for the fiduciary over shares, there is requirement to be made in notarial deed and to be registered. The fiducia registration office will issue fiduciary certificate, which has heading sentence "For Justice Based on God The Almighty", which has the executorial power like the final and binding court decision. Based on the research with statute approach and conceptual approach, a conclusion is obtained as follows: legal considerations as the basis of shares can be encumbered by pledge and fiduciary collaterals is that shares is categorized as movable goods as determined by the law and it has economic value and to the shareholders are given the right to impose a pledge and fiduciary over shares as guarantees. Imposition of shares as pledge collateral without be made in an authentic deed provides less legal protection for creditors and its treatment is not as special as those in imposition of shares in fiduciary collateral. In pledge, there is uncertainty for the execution of pledge objects because there is differences in the interpretation of Article 1155 of Indonesian Civil Code. There is uncertainty whether the execution of pledge objects can be done through fiat execution or parate execution and whether it can be done through public auction or through private selling. Given this uncertainty, there is a risk for creditor as the pledge collateral receiver since the process of execution of the pledge objects has the risk to be challenged from the debtor and/or the pledgor

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Sari, Santi PurnamaNIM00000006961UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorSihombing, JonkerNIDN8838820016UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Notary
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Notary
Depositing User: Ms Devy Christiany Zega
Date Deposited: 06 May 2019 08:53
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2020 01:47
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/3137

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