China's Endeavor to Achieve Energy Security in Order to Sustain Economic Development

Wibowo, Kresentia Karina (2012) China's Endeavor to Achieve Energy Security in Order to Sustain Economic Development. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

The combination of limited energy resources, limited productivity, high economic growth, and high energy demand have prompted China to consider about its energy security situation in relation to its economic development. Given that China has already needed to import most of its oil and natural gas consumption, China’s rapid economic development have incur the question whether it has the fuel to maintain such growth. This research aimed to explain the potential threats posed by China’s lack of energy security towards its economic development and to provide a description on the strategies that China employed in response to such condition, both in the fossil fuels sector as well as in the renewable energy sources. This research is based on the perspective of neo-liberalism. The concepts used are: liberal institutionalism, complex interdependence, diplomacy and soft power, traditional security vs. non-traditional security, energy security, and economic development. Analysis in this research is done through qualitative research method and historical comparative method specifically. Data used in this research are secondary data gained from literature study, media, statistical reports, Internet sites, and documentation. This research shows that China realized its vulnerability in terms of its energy security. The government also realizes that in times of heightened uncertainty, an aggressive approach to secure energy sources is critical to support its vigorous economy. The government along with numerous of its state-owned companies then employed several measures to enhance China’s energy security. This includes securing fossil fuels supply from external sources, optimizing domestic resources, increasing the country’s energy efficiency, develop alternative energy sources, and establishing strategic petroleum reserves. The government had also set some ambitious targets in several of its 5-year-plans in order to reduce its vulnerability regarding energy security. Finally, in recent years China has also shown its willingness to work collaboratively with a number of international institutions working in the global energy security issues.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Wibowo, Kresentia KarinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorPratikno, Roy VincentiusUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: China, Energy Security, Economic Development, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Renewable Energy, International Cooperation
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Depositing User: Ms Meliza Faomasi Laoli
Date Deposited: 10 May 2019 03:30
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 02:42
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/3187

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