Akibat hukum pembuatan akta perjanjian perkawinan notariil yang tidak dicatat di catatan sipil (studim kasus penetapan pengadilan 468/pdt.p/2015/pn.jkt.sel)

Prayogo, Sherly Febryanne (2016) Akibat hukum pembuatan akta perjanjian perkawinan notariil yang tidak dicatat di catatan sipil (studim kasus penetapan pengadilan 468/pdt.p/2015/pn.jkt.sel). Masters thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Pasal 29 Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 tentang Perkawinan dinyatakan bahwa perjanjian perkawinan dibuat sebelum perkawinan berlangsung yang dibuat secara tertulis yang disahkan oleh pegawai pencatatan perkawinan dimana Isi dari perjanjian perkawinan itu sendiri berlaku juga terhadap pihak ketiga sepanjang pihak ketiga tersangkut. Dalam praktik terdapat kasus, yaitu Perjanjian Perkawinan yang dibuat oleh Notaris sebelum perkawinan berlangsung belum didaftarkan di Kantor Catatan Sipil dengan alasan lupa dan baru beberapa tahun kemudian perkawinan tersebut berlangsung, pasangan suami istri mengajukan permohonan pendaftaran Perjanjian Perkawinan di Kantor Catatan Sipil melalui Surat Keputusan Penetapan Pengadilan Negeri Jakarta Selatan Nomor 468/Pdt.P/2015/PN.Jkt.Sel tertanggal 09 November 2015. Permasalahan dalam penelitian adalah keberlakuan sebuah Perjanjian Perkawinan yang dibuat dengan akta notariil dapat mengikat terhadap pihak ketiga sebelum dan sesudah adanya penetapan pengadilan, dan akibat hukumnya jika perjanjian perkawinan yang dibuat dengan akta notaris tersebut tidak didaftarkan di Kantor Catatan Sipil sebelum dan sesudah adanya penetapan pengadilan. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian yuridis normatif dengan teknik pendekatan melalui undang-undang dan kasus yang berkaitan dengan penelitian. Sumber penelitian berupa bahan-bahan hukum primer, bahan-bahan hukum sekunder, bahan hukum tersier yang dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan teknik studi pustaka/tinjauan dokumen, sedangkan analisis data yaitu analisis kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bagi Perjanjian Perkawinan yang belum didaftarkan di Kantor Pecatatan Sipil setelah perkawinan berlangsung, agar berlaku mengikat pihak ketiga maka harus terlebih dahulu mendapat keputusan penetapan dari pengadilan. Selama Perjanjian Perkawinan tersebut belum dicatatkan di Kantor Pencatatan Sipil atas perintah Pengadilan, maka perjanjian tersebut belum berlaku juga bagi pihak ketiga. Sedangkan, Perjanjian Perkawinan yang telah dibuat dengan Akta Notariil akan memberikan kepastian hukum tentang hak dan kewajiban terhadap suami- istri atas harta benda selama berlangsungnya perkawinan, mengingat akta Notaris sebagai akta otentik mempunyai kekuatan nilai pembuktian yang telah memenuhi unsur syarat lahiriah, formal, dan materiil. Sedangkan, perjanjian perkawinan tetap sah dan mengikat bagi yang membuatnya (suami-istri) selama unsur Pasal 1320 KUHPerdata terpenuhi. Perbedaan akibat hukum terhadap akta perjanjian perkawinan yang tidak didaftarkan di Kantor Catatan Sipil sebelum dan sesudah adanya penetapan pengadilan yaitu menyangkut pemberlakuan perjanjian perkawinan tersebut pada pihak ketiga bila ada / Article 29 of Law No. 1 of 1974 on Marriage stipulates that prenuptial agreement shall be made in writing before the commencement of marriage and legalized by the marriage registration officer. The content of the prenuptial agreement shall be applicable toward relevant third parties. In practice, there is a case where the Prenuptial Agreement made by a Public Notary before the commencement of marriage had not been registered at the Civil Records Office due to negligence and only in a couple of years after such prenuptial agreement had been ongoing, the couple filed a request for registration at the Civil Records Office through State Court of South Jakarta’s Decree No. 468/Pdt.P/2015/PN.Jkt.Sel dated 09 November 2015. The problem in the present research deals with whether Prenuptial Agreement made through notarial deed is applicable toward third parties before and after a court’s decree and its legal implications if prenuptial agreement made through such notarial deed is not registered at the Civil Records Office before and after a court’s decree. The present research is a legal normative research that will be approached through laws and regulation and a case that is related to the research issue. The source of data include primary legal sources, secondary legal sources, and tertiary legal sources gathered through document analysis and qualitative techniques. The result of the study shows that in order for Prenuptial Agreements not registered at the Civil Records Office after the commencement of marriage to be able to be binding toward Third Parties, such agreement shall firstly obtain a decree from the court. As long as the Prenuptial Agreement is not registered at the Civil Records Office by order of the Court, then such agreement shall not apply to any third party. Meanwhile, considering that notarial deed as an authentic deed possesses strength of evidence that fulfills the physical, formal, and material aspects, Prenuptial Agreement made through Notarial Deed will provide legal certainty toward the rights and obligations of the married couple and their respective assets throughout their marriage. In the mean time, prenuptial agreement shall be legal and binding for the concluding parties (husband- wife) as long as the elements of Article 1320 of the Civil Code (KUHPerdata) are fulfilled. The difference in the legal implications on prenuptial agreement that is not registered at the Civil Record Office before and after court’s decree is related to the applicability of such agreement toward any relevant third party

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Prayogo, Sherly FebryanneNIM00000010249UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
ContributorRedi, AhmadUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agreement ; Marriage ; Deed ; Notarial
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Notary
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Notary
Depositing User: Ms Devy Christiany Zega
Date Deposited: 10 May 2019 04:22
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2020 06:02
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/3251

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