The Linkages Between The Dynamics of Turkish Domestic Politics under The AKP Towards Turkish Foreign Policy to The Middle East

Bernhard, Armelia Puspasari (2012) The Linkages Between The Dynamics of Turkish Domestic Politics under The AKP Towards Turkish Foreign Policy to The Middle East. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

The combination of secularism and Islam, democracy with high influence of military, and the Kurdish separatism issue create the volatility in Turkish domestic politics. When the AKP came into power in 2002 and continue to rule Turkey for almost a decade, Turkish politics show its reorientation from the West to the Middle East, a region that Turkey has never placed its focus on. There are debates whether under the AKP Turkish identity really change to become more Islamic or not. Besides the dynamics of Turkish domestic politics, Turkey also has to face the changing of its environment with the end of the Cold War. Being in a problematic region like the Middle East, the never-ending struggle to become full membership of the EU, the ups and downs in Turkish relationship with the US and Israel also forced Turkey to start act differently. This research aimed to see and analyze the changes of Turkish domestic political life and in what way it affects the re-creation of Turkish identity and to see and understand how the recreation of Turkish identity under the AKP influences Turkish foreign policy towards the Middle East. This research is based on the perspective of holistic constructivism. The concepts used are: domestic politics which include party politics, political Islam, military, civil society and public opinion, foreign policy, and geopolitics. Analysis in this research is done through qualitative research method. Data used in this research are primary data gained from an email interview with Prof. Dr. Ahmet Sozen and secondary data gained from literature study, media, survey reports, Internet sites, and documentation. This research shows that under the AKP, Turkish politics show its dynamism in its domestic and foreign policy reorientation. In this sense we can see that the re-creation of Turkish identity under the AKP and its changing foreign policy to the Middle East is a results of the strengthening of moderate Islamic identity as Turkey’s corporate identity under the AKP which then combined with the changing environment that strengthened this corporate identity and then make the social identity that forms a reorientation in Turkish foreign policy to the Middle East.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Bernhard, Armelia PuspasariUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorJemadu, AleksiusUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Domestic Politics, Political Islam, Re-creation of Identity, Reorientation of Foreign Policy
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Depositing User: Ms Meliza Faomasi Laoli
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 03:25
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 03:25
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/3478

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