Keefektifan Pijat Oksitosin dalam Meningkatkan Produksi Asi Ibu Postpartum di Indonesia: Kajian Literatur

Yuniar, Bella and Sitohang, Irawati Rohani and Simamora, Mariana (2021) Keefektifan Pijat Oksitosin dalam Meningkatkan Produksi Asi Ibu Postpartum di Indonesia: Kajian Literatur. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Pada tahun 2017 Angka Kematian Neonatal (AKN) di Indonesia sebesar 15 per 1.000 kelahiran hidup, tingginya AKN tersebut disebabkan banyak faktor terutama karena rendahnya pemberian ASI eksklusif pada bayi baru lahir yang dapat meningkatan angka morbiditas ataupun mortalitas. Salah satu alasan rendahnya pemberian ASI eksklusif 56,9% disebabkan oleh produksi ASI yang tidak adekuat. Pijat oksitosin merupakan salah satu terapi nonfarmakologi yang merangsang pengeluaran hormon oksitosin untuk meningkatkan produksi ASI sehingga menstimulus reflex let down pada ibu postpartum. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keefektifan pijat oksitosin terhadap peningkatan produksi ASI pada ibu postpartum. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pencarian systematic riview dengan pendekatan a simplified approach dari databases, seperti EBSCO, Google Scholar, Springer dan Scientdirect dengan boolen operator “AND”. Hasil penelitian terhadap 12 artikel yang menjawab pertanyaan penelitian, ditemukan tiga tema utama yaitu, peran hormon oksitosin dalam meningkatkan produksi ASI ibu postpartum, manfaat penerapan pijat oksitosin dan peran perawat maternitas terhadap keefektifan pijat oksitosin. Dapat disimpulkan pijat oksitosin efektif dalam meningkatkan produksi ASI pada ibu postpartum terlihat dari peningkatan rata-rata produksi ASI pada ibu postpartum sebanyak 2,1 ml hingga 79 ml setelah dilakukan pemijatan dan berpeluang mengalami peningkatan sebesar 11 hingga 12 kali dari produksi ASI ibu yang tidak dilakukan pijat oksitosin./In 2017, the Neonatal Mortality Rate (IMR) in Indonesia was 15 per 1,000 live births, the high IMR is due to many factors, mainly due to the low level of exclusive breastfeeding for newborns which can increase morbidity or mortality. One of the reasons for the low level of exclusive breastfeeding 56.9% is due to inadequate milk production. Oxytocin massage is one of the non-pharmacological therapies that stimulates the release of the hormone oxytocin to increase milk production so as to stimulate reflex let down in postpartum mothers. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of oxytocin massage in increasing breast milk production in postpartum mothers. This study uses a systematic review search method with a simplified approach from databases, such as EBSCO, Google Scholar, Springer and Scientdirect with boolen operator "AND". The results of research on 12 articles that answered research questions, found three main themes, namely, the role of the hormone oxytocin in increasing the production of postpartum mother's milk, the benefits of applying oxytocin massage and the role of maternity nurses on the effectiveness of oxytocin massage. It can be concluded that oxytocin massage is effective in increasing breast milk production in postpartum mothers as seen from the increase in the average milk production in postpartum mothers by 2.1 ml to 79 ml after massage and has the opportunity to experience an increase of 11 to 12 times from the production of breast milk of mothers who are not treated with oxytocin massage.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Yuniar, Bella01501180288yuniar1416@gmail.com
Sitohang, Irawati Rohani01501180067irawatysitohang04@gmail.com
Simamora, Mariana01501180220marianasimamora04@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorCathryne, Joice0325078006joice.cathryne@uph.edu
Thesis advisorAnggraini, Mega TriUNSPECIFIEDmega.anggraini@uph.edu
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pijat Oksitosin, Peningkatan Produksi ASI, Postpartum/Oxytocin Massage, Increased Breastmilk Production, Postpartum
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Nursing > Nursing
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Nursing > Nursing
Depositing User: Bella Yuniar
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2021 07:35
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2022 03:49
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/40137

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