Perbandingan tingkat ansietas pada ibu hamil trimester pertama dengan ibu hamil trimester ketiga di Karawaci = A comparison of maternal anxiety levels in the first and third trimester of pregnancy in Karawaci

Mahroza, Rahma Yunita Ayu Roztini (2019) Perbandingan tingkat ansietas pada ibu hamil trimester pertama dengan ibu hamil trimester ketiga di Karawaci = A comparison of maternal anxiety levels in the first and third trimester of pregnancy in Karawaci. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Pregnancy is one of the most important periods in a woman’s life, as it brings many changes in the physical, social and psychological aspects. Fear of the unknown, stress, uncertainties and everyday problems related to physical and hormonal changes can cause anxiety. According to the Department of Health, there are 107,000 (28,7%) pregnant women in Indonesia who are suffereing from antenatal anxiety in 2008. The purpose of this study was to compare the maternal anxiety levels in the first and third trimester of pregnancy in Karawaci. This study used a cross-sectional method and was conducted on 162 pregnant women in Karawaci. The target population was adjusted according to the criteria of inclusion. Anxiety levels were assessed using the GAD-7 (Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale) questionnaire. Tabulation and analysis of data was done using Chi Square in the SPSS program. The number of incidents of antenatal anxiety in the third trimester group (32,1%) was higher compared to the first trimester group (13,6%) in Karawaci. There was a significant correlation (p=0,005) between antenatal anxiety and the trimesters of pregnancy (OR: 3,0, 95% CI: 1,367 – 6,618). Antenatal anxiety levels were also higher in the high-risk age group (70,0%) than in the low-risk age group (16,2%) (p=0,00). In the third trimester, primigravid women had higher anxiety levels (44,4%) than multigravid women (16,7%) (p=0,008) / Kehamilan merupakan salah satu masa terpenting dalam kehidupan seorang wanita, karena membawa berbagai perubahan, tidak hanya dari aspek fisik, namun juga dalam segi sosial dan psikologis. Kecemasan akan hal yang tidak diketahui, stres, perasaan tak menentu dan masalah sehari-hari yang berhubungan dengan perubahan fisik dan hormonal sering dapat menyebabkan kecemasan atau ansietas. Di Indonesia terdapat 107,000 (28,7%) ibu hamil yang mengalami kecemasan menurut Departemen Kesehatan 2008. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan tingkat ansietas pada ibu hamil trimester pertama dengan ibu hamil trimester ketiga di Karawaci. Penelitian ini bersifat potong lintang yang dilakukan pada 162 ibu hamil di Karawaci. Target populasi disesuaikan berdasarkan kriteria inklusi. Tingkat ansietas di nilai menggunakan kuesioner GAD-7 (Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale). Pengolahan data dan statistik dilakukan dengan uji korelasi Chi Square. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa angka kejadian ansietas lebih tinggi pada ibu hamil trimester ketiga (32,1%) dibandingkan ibu hamil trimester pertama (13,6%) di Karawaci. Hasil uji chi-square menunjukan hubungan yang signifikan (p=0,005) antara hubungan ansietas dengan trimester kehamilan (OR: 3,0, 95% CI: 1,367 – 6,618). Tingkat ansietas lebih tinggi pada ibu hamil dengan umur berisiko (70,0%) dibandingkan umur tidak berisiko (16,2%) (p=0,00). Pada trimester ketiga, ibu primigravida memiliki tingkat ansietas lebih tinggi (44,4%) dibandingkan ibu multigravida (16,7%) (p=0,008).

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Mahroza, Rahma Yunita Ayu RoztiniUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorBayu, PatrickUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ansietas; Kehamilan; Trimester Pertama; Trimester Ketiga; Anxiety; Pregnancy; First Trimester; Third Trimester
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2019 03:20
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2020 02:25
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/4627

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