Social media activity of islamic state of Iraq and Syria: a menace for the national security of Indonesia = aktivitas media sosial negara islam Irak dan Suriah: sebuah ancaman terhadap keamanan nasional Indonesia.

Savitri, Karen (2018) Social media activity of islamic state of Iraq and Syria: a menace for the national security of Indonesia = aktivitas media sosial negara islam Irak dan Suriah: sebuah ancaman terhadap keamanan nasional Indonesia. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

The 21st century hails the internet as the revolutionary technological advancement. The day-to-day aspect of our lives seems to not be able to escape from internet utilization. However, nowadays terrorist groups have been using the internet to advance their agenda, especially through social media. The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or ISIS harnesses the power of social media as a tactic to extend its influence on people around the globe and achieve its glory. Indonesians, living in the most Muslim populated country, are highly susceptible to this tactic. Many have been willing to put their lives at stake for the notorious jihadi group. The national security of Indonesia has been in high alert regarding this problem. Using qualitative method, data are collected through interviews and literature study from books and journals. This thesis aims to provide detailed information on ISIS’ social media activity through various cases, along with explanation on why Indonesians are prone to radicalization, and the national security threats following ISIS’ presence on social media. ISIS utilizes mainstream social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter and chat-based applications like Telegram and BlackBerry Messenger. Their purpose are to radicalize, recruit, and even guiding on how to get to Syria. Indonesians are susceptible because of the resurgence of Islamist right that gain many support from the people, the vulnerability of detached Muslim youth in the cities, and the government allowing Wahhabization of Indonesians Muslims. Radicalized Indonesians become lone-wolf, join ISIS paramilitary groups, or travel to Syria and become Foreign Terrorist Fighter./ Media sosial merupakan buah dari kemajuan teknologi di abad ke-21 yang sangat dibutuhkan manusia untuk menjalani kegiatan sehari-hari. Media sosial adalah sarana untuk berbagi ide, opini, dan informasi. Namun, sebuah ancaman keamanan baru terlahir dari salah satu sisi gelap media sosial yaitu mempermudah grup teroris untuk menjalankan agenda mereka. Negara Islam Irak dan Suriah atau Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) menggunakan sarana media sosial sebagai taktik untuk mencapai kejayaan khilafah mereka. Taktik media sosial ini terbukti membuahkan hasil. Banyak orang Indonesia rela meninggalkan sanak saudara dan keluarga mereka demi hidup di bawah naungan ISIS. Keamanan nasional Indonesia menjadi sangat waspada akan ancaman ISIS. Tesis ini menjelaskan fenomena tersebut menggunakan metode kualitatif. Data yang dipakai berasal dari hasil wawancara, buku, dan jurnal. Tesis ini bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi secara detail mengenai pergerakan ISIS di media sosial, memberikan analisa mendalam terhadap faktor-faktor sosial dan sejarah yang menjadi alasan dibalik diterimanya ideologi ISIS di Indonesia, dan mengulas bagaimana aktifitas ISIS di media sosial mempengaruhi keamanan nasional Indonesia. ISIS memakai sarana media sosial seperti Facebook dan Twitter, serta sarana berbasis chatting seperti BlackBerry Messenger dan Telegram. Tujuan mereka adalah untuk merekrut dan meradikalisasi. Orang Indonesia rentan tehadap radikalisasi karena bangkitnya organisasi-organisasi Islamis sayap kanan, dan bahwa pemerintah memperbolehkan adanya ideologi ISIS, yakni Wahabisme dan Salafisme, dianut oleh umat Muslim di Indonesia. Orang Indonesia yang sudah diradikalisasi ISIS kemudian menjadi teroris perorangan atau lone wolf, atau juga dituntun masuk ke dalam grup jihadis pendukung ISIS di Indonesia, atau pergi ke Suriah untuk hidup dan berperang bersama ISIS.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Savitri, KarenNIM00000006492UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorLiwe, Amelia Joan RibkaNIDN0309047405UNSPECIFIED
Thesis advisorNasution, Elyzabeth BonetheNIDN0323048904UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Internet; Social Media; Islamic State of Iraq And Syria (ISIS); Indonesia; National Security; Terrorism; Media Sosial; Negara Islam Irak dan Suriah (ISIS); Keamanan Nasional; Terorisme.
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Depositing User: Mr Samuel Noya
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2019 01:10
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2020 03:56
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/4671

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