United Nations involvement on handling the Syrian civil war 2011 – 2016 = keterlibatan perserikatan bangsa-bangsa (PBB) dalam menangani perang saudara di Suriah tahun 2011 – 2016

Aldianto, Nugroho Dwiputra (2018) United Nations involvement on handling the Syrian civil war 2011 – 2016 = keterlibatan perserikatan bangsa-bangsa (PBB) dalam menangani perang saudara di Suriah tahun 2011 – 2016. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Since March 2011, there were an armed conflict that involves some parties and followed with international intervention also known as the Syrian Civil War. At first, this conflict comes from the protest on Arab Nations (The Arab Spring) which happens since late 2010. As time goes by, this conflict becomes worst since theres violence when the group of protesters were doing their thing to refuse Assad regime. Since then, this conflict became an armed conflict. Some of the actors that involves in this conflict, the Syrian Government, some of the opposition groups. Each party that involves in this civil war, had their support from the big countries, such as, Russia and the United States. Seeing this conflict, in order to bring peace to the world, the UN involves in the efforts to finish this conflict. This research aims to identify UN involvement and the impact in Syrian civil war. The analysis of this research based on Institutional Liberalism method, and conflict resolution concept. This research used qualitative method to explain UN involvement in the Syrian Civil War, and also the impact from that involvement. Data provided in this research obtained from some secondary data by conducting literature study. The analytical technique that had been used in this research was descriptive technique. From the result of the research, we can see that UN involvement on handling the Syrian civil war went well, even though the are no significant impact, but all of the efforts that has been done by the UN will have a long – term impacts./ Sejak bulan Maret tahun 2011, telah terjadi konflik bersenjata yang melibatkan berbagai pihak dan diiringi dengan intervensi internasional yang dikenal dengan Perang Saudara di Suriah. Perang Saudara ini bermula dari peristiwa protes terkait kebangkitan negara Arab (The Arab Spring) yang terjadi akhir tahun 2010. Seiring berjalannya waktu, isu ini semakin memburuk oleh karena adanya tindak kekerasan yang terjadi dalam protes terhadap pemerintahan presiden Suriah, Bashar al – Assad, dan akhirnya menjadi konflik bersenjata. Beberapa pihak mulai ikut terlibat dalam konflik ini, antara lain, Pemerintah Suriah itu sendiri, kelompok aliansi pemberontak Arab Suriah, Pasukan Demokratik Suriah, kelompok jihaidst Salafi (Front al-Nusra), dan Negara Islam Irak dan Syam (ISIL). Setiap pihak yang terlibat dalam isu ini mendapatkan dukungan dari berbagai aktor asing, seperti Amerika, Russia dan Turki. Melihat hal ini, PBB dengan tujuan menciptakan perdamaian dunia ikut terlibat dalam upaya penyelesaian konflik tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keterlibatan dan peran apa saja yang dilakukan PBB dalam usaha menyelesaikan isu ini, serta dampak apa saja yang terjadi setelah PBB terlibat. Kerangka pemikiran dikembangkan berlandaskan teori liberalsime institusional dengan ditopang konsep resolusi konflik. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif untuk menjelaskan keterlibatan PBB dalam perang saudara yang terjadi di Suriah, serta dampak yang terjadi dari keterlibatan tersebut. Data yang disajikan diperoleh dari data sekunder melalui studi kepustakaan. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis deskriptif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang dilakukan, dapat dilihat bahwa Beberapa tindakan telah dilakukan PBB dan aktor lainnya, seperti mediasi, pembuatan resolusi serta implementasikannya, serta keterlibatan melalui organisadi dibawah PBB. Keterlibatan PBB dalam upaya penyelesaian konflik di Suriah berjalan dengan baik, meskipun belum terdapat dampak yang signifikan, akan tetapi segala upaya yang dilakukan PBB akan menghasilkan dampak dalam waktu jangka panjang.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Aldianto, Nugroho DwiputraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorTambunan, Edwin M.B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: United Nations; Civil War; Syria; United Nations Security Council; Liberalism; Conflict Resolutions; Mediation; Perserikatan Bangsa – Bangsa (PBB); Perang Saudara; Suriah; Dewan Keamanan PBB; Liberalisme; Resolusi Konflik; Mediasi.
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Depositing User: Mr Samuel Noya
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2019 01:09
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2019 01:09
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/4698

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