Perancangan interior arsitektur untuk permasalahan bencana alam gempa bumi di Sumba

Racham, Ammielle (2022) Perancangan interior arsitektur untuk permasalahan bencana alam gempa bumi di Sumba. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Indonesia terletak di daerah-daerah di mana bencana alam seperti gempa bumi. Proyek ini adalah penelitian tentang Desa Pero Konda di Sumba Barat Daya dengan populasi 1.360 jiwa dan luas wilayah 0,99 km2. Sumba berada pada batas pertemuan dua lempeng tektonik yaitu lempeng Indoaustralia dan Lempang, sehingga sering terguncang oleh gempa. Dari hasil penelitian, bangunan resistensi gempa harus menggunakan bahan bangunan ringan untuk meminimalkan resiko seperti bahan kayu, baja ringan, batu bata dan sebagainya. Simetrisitas menjadi hal penting pada sebuah rumah agar getaran dari gempa bumi didistribusikan secara seragam ke seluruh gedung. Desain knockdown sering digunakan pada bangunan tahan gempa karena fleksibilitasnya dapat memperluas dan memperkecil ruang sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan aktivitas ruangan. Fokus pada desain interior arsitektur ini adalah memberikan layanan darurat untuk memenuhi kebutuhan para korban bencana dengan menyediakan tempat tinggal sementara dengan mempertimbangkan kondisi kearifan lokalnya. Dengan masalah yang ada menimbulkan pemikiran bagaimana menggunakan metode desain interior dan arsitektur yang ada untuk mengubah ruang agar memenuhi kebutuhan dan keamanan pengguna dengan memperhatikan pilihan bahan, sirkulasi dan akustik ruangan. Dengan pemikiran tersebut, penulis menciptakan ide untuk membangun ruang hidup bagi keluarga yang terkena dampak gempa bumi ini dengan pendekatan desain berkelanjutan dan mempertimbangkan daya tahan material melalui pemilihan kualitas material dan konstruksi agar keamanan serta kenyamanan dapat terwujudkan. / Indonesia is located in areas where natural disasters such as earthquakes. This project is a research project on Pero Konda Village in Southwest Sumba with a population of 1,360 people and an area of 0.99 km2. Sumba is located at the confluence of two tectonic plates, namely the Indo-Australian plate and the Lempang plate, so it is often shaken by earthquakes. From the research results, earthquake resistance buildings must use lightweight building materials to minimize risks such as wood, mild steel, bricks, and so on. Symmetry is important in a house so that vibrations from an earthquake are distributed uniformly throughout the building. Knockdown design is often used in earthquake-resistant buildings because of its flexibility to expand and reduce space according to the needs and activities of the room. The focus of this architectural interior design is to provide emergency services to meet the needs of disaster victims by providing temporary shelter by taking into account the condition of local wisdom. The existing problems raise the thought of how to use existing interior design and architectural methods to transform the space to meet user needs and safety by taking into account the choice of materials, circulation, and room acoustics. With this in mind, the author created the idea to build a living space for the families affected by this earthquake with a sustainable design approach and considering the durability of the material through the selection of quality materials and construction so that safety and comfort can be realized.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Racham, AmmielleNIM01024180046ammiellerchm@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorValencia, PhebeNIDN0314028207phebe.valencia@uph.edu
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts Applied arts Decoration and ornament
Depositing User: Ammielle Racham
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2022 03:13
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2022 03:13
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/47662

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