Akibat hukum tindakan ultra vires yang dilakukan oleh direksi perseroan terbatas

Tesalonika, Lisa (2019) Akibat hukum tindakan ultra vires yang dilakukan oleh direksi perseroan terbatas. Masters thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Direksi merupakan organ PT yang berkewajiban untuk memimpin perusahaan dan berwenang untuk bertindak untuk dan atas nama perusahaan dimana ia mengabdi. Tanggung jawab dan wewenang nya harus sejalan dengan UUPT dan Anggaran Dasar. Kepengurusannya tersebut juga harus berlandaskan dengan itikad baik dan penuh tanggung jawab yang semata-mata semuanya demi kepentingan terbaik perusahaan tersebut. Perbuatan hukum di luar batas wewenang yang diberikan merupakan tindakan ultra vires yang dilakukan oleh Direksi. Apabila Direksi telah melakukan tindakan ultra vires sehingga mengakibatkan kerugian pada Perusahaan, maka Direksi harus bertanggung jawab secara penuh dan pribadi terhadap kerugian yang ia timbulkan. Salah satu contoh tindakan ultra vires yang dilakukan oleh Direksi perusahaan dapat dilihat dari Keputusan Nomor 439 / Pdt.G / 2011 / PN.JKT.SEL. Direksi Perusahaan telah melanggar ketentuan yang berada di dalam Anggaran Dasar dengan memberikan jaminan perusahaan tanpa persetujuan tertulis terlebih dahulu dari Dewan Komisaris. Pada dasarnya Majelis Hakim telah memberikan putusan yang tepat, yaitu bahwa Direksi terbukti telah melakukan ultra vires yang menyebabkan kerugian bagi perusahaan sehingga segala akibat hukum yan timbul merupakan tanggung jawab pribadi yang harus ditanggung oleh Direksi. Tesis ini membahas dua hal: (1) Tanggung jawab Direksi atas kelalaian mereka dalam mengelola perusahaan yang merugikan perusahaan, dan (2) bagaimana penjabaran majelis hakim mengenai tindakan ultra vires Direksi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode yuridis normatif dan deskriptif analitis. Bahan penelitian adalah bahan hukum primer, sekunder, dan tersier. Data dikumpulkan dengan melakukan studi pustaka dan memahami Putusan tentang kasus yang berlaku / The Board of Directors is the governing body of the firm whose obligations are to direct the company and has the authority to act for and on behalf of the company where they serve. Responsibility and authority must be aligned with the Company Act and Articles of Association. All of the conducts must be based in good faith and responsibly, for best interests of the company. Any legal actions conducted beyond the authority is classified as an act of ultra vires. If Board of Directors has carried out act of ultra vires resulting in a loss to the Company, the Board of Directors must be fully and personally responsible for the losses that they incur. Case Number 439 / Pdt.G / 2011 / PN.JKT.SEL is an illustration of an act ultra vires that is conducted by the Bord of Director. The Board of Directors has violated the provisions in the Articles of Association by signing company guarantees without prior written approval from Board of Commissioner. Judges has ruled that Board of Director had been proven to have carried out ultra vires which caused losses to the company so that all legal consequences arising were personal responsibilities that must be borne by the Board of Directors. This tesis discusses two matters: (1) The responsibility of the Board of Directors for their negligence in managing the company that is detrimental to the company, and (2) how the judges are elaborated on the act of ultra vires actions carried out by Board of Directors. This study uses normative juridical and analytical descriptive methods. The research materials are primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials. Data is collected by conducting a literature study and understanding the decisions about cases that apply

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Tesalonika, LisaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorSusantijo, SusiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Articles of Association ; The Directors ; Company ; Negligence ; Ultra Vires ; Article of Association ; Board of Directors ; Corporate ; Negligence ; Ultra Vires
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Notary
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Law > Master of Notary
Depositing User: Ms Devy Christiany Zega
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2019 04:30
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 04:30
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/5322

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