Hubungan konsumsi susu dengan kejadian acne vulgaris pada remaja usia 15-18 tahun di Jakarta = The relationship of milk consumption to the occurrence of acne vulgaris in the adolescent aged 15-18 years in Jakarta

Emaputri, Gabriela Kirana (2018) Hubungan konsumsi susu dengan kejadian acne vulgaris pada remaja usia 15-18 tahun di Jakarta = The relationship of milk consumption to the occurrence of acne vulgaris in the adolescent aged 15-18 years in Jakarta. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Background: Acne vulgaris is a chronic skin disease that occurs due to chronic inflammation of sebaseous. Dermatology cosmetics Indonesia showed that 90% suffered acne vulgaris in 2009. The highest prevalence of acne vulgaris which is 75- 98% is within 16-18 years old. Acne vulgaris is a skin disease that can affect the psychosocial, which can lower the confidence, away from social life and can lead to depression. Diet also affects acne vulgaris, one of the causes is milk. The previous study found relationship between total milk and skim milk consumption with the incidence of acne vulgaris in high school students in the United States. In Indonesia, there is still little about this research and no one has studied to adolescent age range Aim: To analyze the relationship between milk consumption to the occurrence of acne vulgaris in the adolescent aged 15-18 years. Methods: This study uses an observational analytic research design with case control study method. The study was conducted in SMA Gonzaga during May-August 2018. Sample was taken by consecutive sampling. Data analysis using SPSS 22, with chi square test. Data was significant if p value< 0,05. Results: Subject of this study consist of 96 samples, which were divided into 48 case samples and 48 control samples. The most age of acne vulgaris is 16 years old (53,1%). Based on gender, ratio men and women were 7:2. There is relationship between milk consumption to the occurrence of acne vulgaris (p=0,004, OR=3,2) / Latar belakang: Acne vulgaris merupakan penyakit kulit kronis yang terjadi akibat peradangan menahun pilosebasea. Studi dermatologi kosmetika Indonesia menunjukan bahwa terdapat 90% menderita acne vulgaris pada tahun 2009. Prevalensi tertinggi penderita acne vulgaris adalah 75- 98 % pada remaja usia 16-18 tahun. Acne vulgaris merupakan penyakit kulit yang dapat berdampak ke psikososial, yaitu dapat menurunkan rasa percaya diri, jauh dari kehidupan sosial dan bisa berujung ke depresi. Pola makan juga berpengaruh terhadap terjadinya acne vulgaris, salah satunya susu. Penelitian sebelumnya menemukan terdapat hubungan antara konsumsi total milk dan skim milk dengan kejadian acne vulgaris pada siswa SMA di negara Amerika. Di Indonesia masih sedikit penelitian tentang ini dan belum ada yang meniliti usia remaja. Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan konsumsi susu dengan kejadian acne vulgaris pada remaja usia 15-18 tahun Metode penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian analitik observasional dengan metode studi kasus kontrol. Penelitian dilakukan di SMA Gonzaga selama Mei - Agustus 2018. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan metode consecutive sampling. Analisis data menggunakan SPSS 22 dengan uji chi square. Data dikatakan signifikan apabila nilai p<0,05. Hasil: Subjek penelitian terdiri dari 96 sampel, yang dibagi menjadi 48 sampel kasus dan 48 sampel kontrol. Usia terbanyak yang mengalami acne vulgaris adalah usia 16 tahun (53,1 %). Berdasarkan jenis kelamis rasio laki-laki banding perempuan adalah 7:2. Terdapat hubungan antara konsumsi susu dan acne vulgaris (p=0,006, OR=3,2) Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan lemah yang signifikan antara konsumsi susu dengan kejadian acne vulgaris pada remaja usia 15-18 tahun.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Emaputri, Gabriela KiranaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorGunawan, Patricia YulitaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Susu; Acne Vulgaris; Remaja; Milk; Acne Vulgaris; Adolescent
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 04:25
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2020 08:21
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/6258

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