Hubungan kualitas tidur dengan tekanan darah pada Mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan usia 17-25 Tahun = Relationship between sleep quality and blood pressure in Medical Students of Pelita Harapan University Age 17-25

Parlindungan, Monica Novianty (2018) Hubungan kualitas tidur dengan tekanan darah pada Mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan usia 17-25 Tahun = Relationship between sleep quality and blood pressure in Medical Students of Pelita Harapan University Age 17-25. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Background: Sleep is needed by human so that the body can have an optimal function. Poor sleep quality is thought to cause an imbalance in body homeostasis resulting in increase of blood pressure. Hypertension is the biggest risk factor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality that is often ignored by the society. High blood pressure at young age increases the risk of atherosclerosis from coronary arteries within the next 20 years, which can result in heart attacks, as well as cerebrovascular and renal diseases. Objective: This study aims to determine the relationship between sleep quality and blood pressure in medical students of Pelita Harapan University age 17-25 years. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study with numeric comparative analytic technique. Respondents are 99 medical students of Pelita Harapan University. Data retrieval is done with height and weight measurement, and questionnaire, including Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The blood pressure is measured using digital tensimeter for 3 times with 2 minutes interval. Result: Most respondents, which were 76 people (76,77%), have poor sleep quality. The average of systolic and diastolic blood pressures of respondents are 117,59 ± 9,442 mmHg dan 76,70 ± 5,658 mmHg, which is in normal range. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test showed a normal data distribution for systolic blood pressure variable (P=0,107), yet abnormal data distribution for sleep quality variable (P<0,001) and diastolic blood pressure variable (P=0,003). The analysis using Spearman correlation showed P<0,001 and r=0,398 for the relationship between sleep quality and systolic blood pressure, and P=0,005 and r=0,278 for the relationship between sleep quality and diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion: There is a relationship between sleep quality and both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in medical students of Pelita Harapan University age 17-25 years / Latar Belakang: Tidur dibutuhkan oleh manusia agar fungsi tubuh dapat berjalan optimal. Kualitas tidur yang buruk diduga menyebabkan ketidakseimbangan homeostasis tubuh yang mengakibatkan peningkatan tekanan darah. Hipertensi merupakan faktor resiko terbesar terjadinya morbiditas dan mortalitas kardiovaskular yang kerap diabaikan oleh masyarakat. Tingginya tekanan darah pada usia muda meningkatkan resiko terjadinya aterosklerosis dari arteri koroner dalam waktu 20 tahun ke depan yang dapat berakibat pada serangan jantung, serta penyakit serebrovaskular dan ginjal. Tujuan Penelitian: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kualitas tidur dengan tekanan darah pada mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan usia 17-25 tahun. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan studi analitik komparatif numerik dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 99 orang mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan pengukuran tinggi dan berat badan, serta pengisian kuesioner, termasuk Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Tekanan darah diukur menggunakan tensimeter digital yang dilakukan sebanyak 3 kali dengan interval 2 menit. Hasil: Mayoritas responden, sebanyak 76 orang (76,77%), memiliki kualitas tidur buruk. Rata-rata tekanan darah sistolik dan diastolik responden adalah 117,59 ± 9,442 mmHg dan 76,70 ± 5,658 mmHg yang berarti normal. Uji Kolmogorov-Smirnov menunjukkan persebaran data normal untuk variabel tekanan darah sistolik (P=0,107), namun tidak normal untuk variabel kualitas tidur (P<0,001) dan tekanan darah diastolik (P=0,003). Analisis menggunakan korelasi Spearman menunjukkan hasil P<0,001 dan r=0,398 untuk hubungan kualitas tidur dengan tekanan darah sistolik, serta P=0,005 dan r=0,278 untuk hubungan kualitas tidur dengan tekanan darah diastolik. Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara kualitas tidur dengan tekanan darah sistolik maupun diastolik pada mahasiswa/i Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan usia 17-25 tahun.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Parlindungan, Monica NoviantyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorTanaka, MichaelUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: kualitas tidur; tekanan darah; hipertensi; sleep quality; blood pressure; hypertension.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 04:16
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2020 01:05
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/6379

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