Kepentingan strategis Tiongkok sebagai kekuatan besar di Asia Selatan pada masa pemerintahan Presiden Xi Jinping

Ayuhardiyanti, Dinda Astrid (2020) Kepentingan strategis Tiongkok sebagai kekuatan besar di Asia Selatan pada masa pemerintahan Presiden Xi Jinping. Masters thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Kemajuan ekonomi yang kuat ditambah dukungan militer yang kuat merupakan modal utama dari kekuatan Tiongkok sebagai negara kekuatan besar atau great powers. Dimana untuk terus dapat mempertahankan negaranya dibutuhkan ekspansi kekuasaan dan kekuatan di luar kawasan. Melalui visi misi “China Dream” versi Presiden Xi Jinping dibuat sebuah proyek infratruktur Belt and Road Initiative berskala internasional yang dirancang sesuai dengan kepentingan Tiongkok. Untuk proyeksi Belt and Road Initiative di Kawasan Asia Selatan akan melibatkan ekspansi kekuasaan di darat maupun laut Samudera Hindia. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode penelitian deskriptif analisis. Pengumpulan data penelitian dilakukan dengan data primer, yaitu wawancara, serta data sekunder berupa studi kepustakaan. Wawancara dilakukan dengan Wakil Kedutaan Besar Pakistan di Indonesia yaitu Mr. Sajjad Haider Khan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proyek Belt and Road Initiative dijadikan sebagai cara untuk merealisasikan “China Dream”. Dengan memperluas kekuatan dan pengaruh Tiongkok di Kawasan Asia Selatan, yang dinilai menjadi kawasan strategis dengan akses jalur laut Samudera Hindia yang dapat digunakan sebagai akses baru ekspor impor natural resource Tiongkok. Adapun kehadiran Tiongkok di Samudera Hindia akan menimbulkan persaingan kekuatan dengan India yang selama ini memegang kekuatan kawasan di Samudera Hindia dan Kawasan Asia Selatan./Strong economic and military are keys for China's power as great power. To maintains China’s existences, it requires expansion of power and strength outside the region. Through President Xi Jinping “China Dream” massive infrastructure project Belt and Road Initiative that was designed accordance with Chinese interests. That include the projection of the Belt and Road Initiative to South Asian Region, with expansion of power on land and sea in the Indian Ocean. This research uses qualitative approach with descriptive analysis research method. Primary research data collected by conducting interview, with the Deputy of the Pakistan Embassy in Indonesia, Mr. Sajjad Haider Khan. While, secondary data taken from literature studies. The results show that Belt and Road Initiative was used to make “China Dream” a reality. By expanding the strength and influence of China in South Asian Region, which considered to be a strategic region with access to the Indian Ocean sea lane. Which can be used as a new access to the import and export of China's natural resource. However, the Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean will lead to a power competition with India which has been holding regional powers in the Indian Ocean and the South Asian Region.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Ayuhardiyanti, Dinda AstridNIM01688170017UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorJemadu, AleksiusNIDN0412106101UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Great Power, Belt and Road Initiative, South Asia Region, Indian Ocean
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > Master of International Relations
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > Master of International Relations
Depositing User: Users 3320 not found.
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2020 05:47
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2020 09:02
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/7439

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