Hubungan faktor risiko maternal dengan kejadian berat badan lahir rendah = Relationship between maternal risk factors and the incidence of low birth weight

Napitupulu, Jessica Adhyka Margareth (2018) Hubungan faktor risiko maternal dengan kejadian berat badan lahir rendah = Relationship between maternal risk factors and the incidence of low birth weight. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Background : Low Birth Weight (LBW) is the main cause of high number of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), 40-60% deaths of infants in the world caused by LBW. There are many risk factors associated with LBW incidence rate, but there are also still contradictions from some research that has been done in Indonesia. Objective : This research aims to determine the association between the maternal risk factors and LBW incidence rate. The maternal risk factors including maternal body mass index (BMI), anemia states, upper arm circumference, maternal age, parity, antenatal care (ANC) frequency, and birth interval. Method : This research used case control study design with 51 cases and 51 control in Rumah Sakit Umum Siloam and Puskesmas Kutabumi. Data was collected on January 2018 until July 2018 and was taken by interviewing the patients and from patient’s antenatal care book. Data analysed through logistic regression method. Results : The risk factors associated with LBW were mother’s age (OR 4.415 and p 0.002), body mass index (OR 2.598 and p 0.025), anemia status (OR 2.932 and p 0.026), upper arm circumference (OR 4.600 and p 0.006), parity (OR 2.811 and p 0.015), and birth interval (OR 4.148 and p 0.002). The antenatal care frequency was the risk factor of LBW, but it didn’t have significant relationship (OR 4.255 and p 0.203). Conclusion : mother’s age, body mass index, anemia status, upper arm circumference, parity, and birth interval were the risk factors of low birth weight / Latar Belakang : Berat Badan Lahir Rendah (BBLR) merupakan penyebab utama tingginya angka kematian bayi, 40-60% kematian bayi di dunia disebabkan oleh BBLR. Banyak faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian BBLR, namun masih terdapat pertentangan dari beberapa hasil penelitian di Indonesia. Tujuan : Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan faktor risiko maternal dengan kejadian BBLR. Faktor risiko maternal tersebut termasuk usia ibu, indeks massa tubuh ibu, status anemia, lingkar lengan atas, paritas, frekuensi pemeriksaan kehamilan, dan jarak kelahiran. Metodologi : Penelitian ini menggunakan studi desain kasus kontrol dengan 51 sampel kasus dan 51 sampel kontrol di Rumah Sakit Umum Siloam dan Puskesmas Kutabumi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada Januari 2018 sampai Juli 2018, diperoleh dari wawancara dan buku antenatal care milik pasien. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan metode regresi logistik. Hasil : Faktor risiko BBLR yang hubungannya bermakna adalah usia ibu (OR 4.415 dan p 0.002), indeks massa tubuh (OR 2.598 dan p 0.025), status anemia (OR 2.932 dan p 0.026), lingkar lengan atas (OR 4.600 dan p 0.006), paritas (OR 2.811 dan p 0.015), dan jarak kelahiran (OR 4.148 dan p 0.002). Frekuensi pemeriksaan kehamilan merupakan faktor risiko BBLR namun tidak memiliki hubungan yang bermakna (OR 4.255 dan p 0.203). Kesimpulan : Usia ibu, indeks massa tubuh, status anemia, lingkar lengan atas, paritas, dan jarak kelahiran merupakan faktor risiko kejadian berat badan lahir rendah.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Napitupulu, Jessica Adhyka MargarethNIM00000018861UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorMoningkey, Shirley IvonneNIDN0421046202UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Berat badan lahir rendah; faktor risiko maternal; Low birth weight; maternal risk factors
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 05:45
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2020 07:11
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/7940

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