Hubungan asi ekslusif dengan kejadian diare pada bayi usia 6-12 bulan di Rumah Sakit Umum Siloam Tangerang = Correlation between exclusive breastfeeding and diarrhea incidence among infant within age 6 – 12 months at Rumah Sakit Umum Siloam Tangerang

Addalia, Andrina (2018) Hubungan asi ekslusif dengan kejadian diare pada bayi usia 6-12 bulan di Rumah Sakit Umum Siloam Tangerang = Correlation between exclusive breastfeeding and diarrhea incidence among infant within age 6 – 12 months at Rumah Sakit Umum Siloam Tangerang. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Background: Diarrhea is one of a disease with high incidences and the most common health problem in developing countries such as Indonesia. Every year, infants with diarrhea increase by 20%. Many factors can cause diarrhea. Lack of nutrients in children is one of the reasons. Nutritional intake that can be obtained by children under two years is exclusive breastfeeding (breast milk). Several previous studies have revealed that exclusive breastfeeding can reduce the risk for diarrhea in children under two years old. In contrast, there are another studies reveal that the relationship between the two factors is meaningless or no relationship. Objective: To examine the relationship between exclusively breastfeeding and diarrhea occurrence in infants from 6 - 12 months old. Methods: This research was an unpaired categorical comparative analytic study and conducted with a cross sectional study design. The sample of the study amounted 115 people and was children who came to the RSU Siloam Tangerang. The subject sampling selection will use consecutive sampling. The data will be collected for two months from March 2018 until April 2018. The data will be collected and be processed using Mann-Whitney U Test with IBM Statistical Product and Service Solution (SPSS) 24 for Mac. Results: From Mann-Whitney U Test statistical system, exclusive breastfeeding at least six months had a significant effect on the first onset of diarrhea and the frequency of occurrence of diarrhea in the first year of life (p = <0.05). From the data obtained, the first onset of diarrhea in infants who did not receive exclusive breastfeeding was 4 months 7 days, meanwhile babies that receive exclusive breastfeeding was 6 months 17 days. 54% subject that not receiving exclusive breastfeeding was more susceptible than infant who receive exclusive breastfeeding. Conclusion: This study confirms the protective effect of exclusive breastfeeding on certain infant morbidities during the first twelve months of life / Latar belakang: Diare adalah penyakit dengan insiden tinggi dan merupakan masalah kesehatan di negara berkembang seperti Indonesia. Setiap tahunnya balita yang mengidap diare naik 20%. Banyak faktor yang dapat menyebabkan diare. Salah satu penyebabnya adalah kurangnya nutrisi pada anak. Asupan nutrisi yang bisa didapat oleh anak dibawah dua tahun adalah melalui ASI (air susu ibu) eksklusif. Beberapa penelitian sebelumnya telah mengungkapkan bahwa durasi pemberian ASI eksklusif dapat menurunkan risiko terjadinya diare pada anak dibawah 2 tahun. Namun ada penelitian yang mengungkapkan bahwa hubungan antar kedua faktor tersebut tidak bermakna atau tidak ada hubungan. Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan antara ASI Eksklusif dengan kejadian diare pada anak 6-12 bulan. Metode: Studi analitik komparatif kategorik tidak berpasangan yang dilaksanakan dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Sampel penelitian total berjumlah 115 orang dan merupakan anak yang datang ke RSU Siloam Tangerang. Pemilihan subjek dengan consecutive sampling. Pengambilan data berlangsung selama 2 bulan dari bulan Maret 2018 sampai April 2018. Hasil data yang terkumpul akan diolah menggunakan uji statistik Mann Whitney U Test di dalam IBM Statistical Product and Service Solution (SPSS) 24 for Mac. Hasil: Dari analisis statistik Mann-Whitney U Test, pemberian ASI eksklusif minimal 6 bulan memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap onset kejadian pertama kali diare dan kekerapan kejadian diare dalam 12 bulan pertama kehidupan (p = <0.05). Terlihat dari data yang diperoleh, onset kejadian diare pertama kali pada bayi dengan rentang usia 6 – 12 bulan yang tidak mendapatkan ASI eksklusif adalah 4 bulan 7 hari sedangkan yang menerima ASI eksklusif adalah 6 bulan 17 hari. 54% subjek yang tidak menerima ASI eksklusif memiliki angka kekerapan kejadian diare lebih sering daripada subjek yang menerima ASI eksklusif. Konklusi: Penelitian ini menegaskan efek protektif pemberian ASI eksklusif pada beberapa morbiditas bayi tertentu selama dua belas bulan pertama kehidupan.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Addalia, AndrinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorHalim, AnitaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: ASI eksklusif; Diare; Bayi usia 6 – 12 bulan; Exclusive breastfeeding; Diarrhea; Infants aged 6 – 12 months
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 06:04
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2020 04:16
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/7964

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