The effects of globalization on environmental sustainability: a case study of Indonesia's textile industry = Pengaruh globalisasi terhadap keberlanjutan lingkungan: studi kasus dari industri tekstil Indonesia

Manik, Anggita Augustina (2021) The effects of globalization on environmental sustainability: a case study of Indonesia's textile industry = Pengaruh globalisasi terhadap keberlanjutan lingkungan: studi kasus dari industri tekstil Indonesia. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Globalisasi ekonomi merupakan salah satu dari empat dimensi globalisasi yang sangat berdampak pada industri tekstil Indonesia. Globalisasi ekonomi juga menjadi alasan mengapa banyak bisnis melakukan outsourcing proses manufaktur mereka ke Indonesia karena biaya produksi yang rendah. Banyak keuntungan yang diperoleh Indonesia dengan menerima globalisasi ekonomi, seperti bertambahnya lapangan kerja, peningkatan pendapatan ekspor, FDI, dll. Namun, peningkatan produksi tekstil selama bertahun-tahun telah menimbulkan masalah baru bagi Indonesia. Dengan sebagian besar industri berlokasi di Jawa Barat, air limbah yang dibuang ke sungai Citarum telah lama melebihi kapasitasnya, menjadikan sungai Citarum sebagai sungai paling tercemar di dunia. Penelitian ini akan menggunakan industri tekstil Indonesia sebagai studi kasus untuk mempelajari bagaimana peraturan pemerintah Indonesia tentang masalah lingkungan mempengaruhi kelestarian lingkungan di industri tekstil Indonesia dan menemukan bagaimana globalisasi mempengaruhi kelestarian lingkungan di industri tekstil Indonesia. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan pendekatan kualitatif, sedangkan penelitian bersifat eksploratif dengan menggunakan metode penalaran induktif. Semua data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini dikumpulkan melalui data sekunder. Terakhir, penelitian ini menggunakan teori neoliberalisme, di mana saya menemukan inkonsistensi Indonesia dalam menegakkan regulasinya meskipun regulasi sudah tertulis dengan baik dan memadai. Oleh karena itu, saya berpendapat perlunya sustainable environment dalam industri tekstil dan adanya kerja sama dengan nonstate actors. Selain itu, ditemukan bahwa dimensi lain dari globalisasi dapat membantu meningkatkan kelestarian lingkungan hidup Indonesia./Economic globalization is one of the four dimensions of globalization, which greatly impacts Indonesia’s textile industry. Economic globalization is also why many businesses outsource their manufacturing process’ to Indonesia due to low production costs. Indonesia has gained numerous benefits from accepting economic globalization, such as job opportunities, increased export income, FDI, etc. However, the increase in textile production throughout the years has created a new problem for Indonesia. Having most industries located in West Java, the wastewater emitted to the Citarum river has long exceeded its capacity, making the Citarum river the most polluted river globally. This research uses Indonesia’s textile industry as the case study to discover the ways the Indonesian government regulations on environmental matters influence environmental sustainability in Indonesia’s textile industry and discover how globalization affected environmental sustainability in Indonesia’s textile industry. The research uses a qualitative approach, whereas the nature is explanatory in which it uses an inductive reasoning method. All data used in this research are collected through secondary data. Lastly, this research uses the neoliberalism theory, in which I find Indonesia’s inconsistency in enforcing its regulations despite its well written and adequate regulations. Hence, I argue the need for a sustainable environment in the textile industry and the need of cooperation with non-state actors. Moreover, the findings that other dimensions of globalization can help improve Indonesia’s environmental sustainability.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Manik, Anggita AugustinaNIM01043170089anggitaugustina@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorDjakababa, Yosef D. MarcisNIDN0324117301yosefduph@gmail.com
Thesis advisorSimatupang, KarmelNIDN0112068801karmel.simatupang@uph.edu
Uncontrolled Keywords: globalization; environmental sustainability; Indonesia’s textile industry; Indonesia’s government; neoliberalism
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Social and Political Science > International Relations
Depositing User: Users 6529 not found.
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2021 04:43
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2021 04:43
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/15700

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