Perancangan sistem wayfinding dan aksesibilitas pada hunian low vision guna mencegah spatial confusion

Bhinnelika, Diola (2022) Perancangan sistem wayfinding dan aksesibilitas pada hunian low vision guna mencegah spatial confusion. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Spatial confusion sering dialami oleh penyandang low vision. Akibatnya mereka kesulitan dalam melakukan mobilitas di rumah tinggalnya sendiri. Penelitian ini meneliti terkait prinsip-prinsip sistem wayfinding dan aksesibilitas bagi penyandang low vision, cara penyandang low vision mempersepsikan ruang sekitarnya, serta strategi desain sistem wayfinding dan aksesibilitas pada hunian penyandang low vision. Prinsip sistem wayfinding yaitu aksesibilitas, zonasi, navigasi, identifikasi objek atau tempat, penyampaian pesan, dan peletakan rambu atau tanda, kontras warna, perbedaan tekstur, pencahayaan, dan informasi bagi penyandang kerusakan penglihatan. Terdapat pula prinsip-prinsip aksesibilitas untuk low vision, yaitu identifikasi objek atau tempat, orientasi terhadap ruang sekitar, kualitas ruang dan area sirkulasi, dan informasi. Melalui wawancara terhadap 3 penyandang low vision, ditemukan bahwa mereka mempersepsikan ruang sekitarnya dengan mengandalkan ingatan, penglihatan, dan sedikit rabaan. Melalui studi preseden, ditemukan bahwa strategi desain sistem wayfinding dan aksesibilitas bagi penyandang low vision dipengaruhi oleh sirkulasi sederhana dan langsung terhubung ke titik-titik tujuan, perbedaan tekstur, besar-kecil bukaan, arah datang cahaya, pencahayaan stabil, akustik ruang, solid-void, serta kontras warna. Kemudian dirumuskanlah strategi desain dalam konteks tapak, blok, dan unit hunian. Masing-masing memiliki prinsip yang sama yaitu sirkulasi yang bersifat linear dan direct, pembagian zona berdasarkan fungsi, peletakan rambu yang dapat dijangkau oleh penghuni, informasi multisensori sebagai petunjuk jalan dan identifikasi objek atau tempat, serta pencahayaan dengan orientasi bukaan Utara-Selatan./ Spatial confusion is often experienced by people with low vision. As a result, they have difficulty in mobility in their own homes. This study examines the principles of the wayfinding system and accessibility for people with low vision, the way people with low vision perceive the surrounding space, as well as the wayfinding system design strategy and accessibility in housing for people with low vision. The principles of the wayfinding system are accessibility, zoning, navigation, identification of objects or places, delivery of messages, and laying of signs or signs, color contrast, differences in texture, lighting, and information for people with visual impairments. There are also accessibility principles for low vision, namely identification of objects or places, orientation to the surrounding space, quality of space and circulation area, and information. Through interviews with 3 people with low vision, it was found that they perceive the surrounding space by relying on memory, sight, and a little touch. Through a precedent study, it was found that the wayfinding system design strategy and accessibility for people with low vision were influenced by simple circulation and directly connected to the points of interest, differences in texture, opening size, direction of light, stable lighting, room acoustics, solid-void , as well as color contrast. Then a design strategy is formulated in the context of the site, block, and residential unit. Each has the same principles, namely linear and direct circulation, division of zones based on function, laying of signs that can be reached by residents, multisensory information as directions and identification of objects or places, as well as lighting with a North-South orientation.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Bhinnelika, DiolaNIM01022180012diolanatania16@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorPrakoso, SusinetyNIDN0313106902susinety.prakoso@uph.edu
Uncontrolled Keywords: sistem wayfinding; aksesibilitas ruang hunian; low vision; spatial confusion
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > School of Design > Architecture
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > School of Design > Architecture
Depositing User: Diola Natania Bhinnelika
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2022 08:49
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2022 08:49
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/47710

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