Hubungan Konsumsi Vitamin B Kompleks dengan Gejala Parestesia pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 = The Association between B-Complex Vitamin Consumption with Symptoms of Paresthesia in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Tumiwa, Gabriella (2022) Hubungan Konsumsi Vitamin B Kompleks dengan Gejala Parestesia pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 = The Association between B-Complex Vitamin Consumption with Symptoms of Paresthesia in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Latar belakang: Terdapat sekitar 462 juta penduduk dunia yang mengalami DM tipe 2 yang ditandai dengan adanya kondisi hiperglikemia. Salah satu komplikasi yang sering dialami pasien DM tipe 2 ialah parestesia. Keterlambatan diagnosis dan pengobatan terhadap komplikasi tersebut dapat menyebabkan keadaan yang lebih parah. Untuk mengatasi masalah ini, vitamin B kompleks bisa menjadi salah satu pengobatan untuk parestesia yang memiliki toksisitas yang sangat rendah. Tujuan: Penelitian ini ingin membuktikan bahwa vitamin B kompleks bisa menurunkan gejala parestesia. Metode: Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan studi kohort retrospektif dengan populasi penelitian pasien yang didiagnosis DM tipe 2. Penetapan populasi menggunakan teknik purposive sampling dan data diperoleh dengan cara mengisi kuesioner NTSS-6. Pada penelitian ini persebaran data yang tidak normal sehingga menggunakan uji statistik Mann-Withney U dengan menggunakan program SPSS 25.0. Hasil: Tidak terdapat hasil yang signifikan (p=0,926) mengenai pengaruh konsumsi vitamin B kompleks dalam menurunkan gejala parestesia pada pasien DM tipe 2. Kesimpulan: Vitamin B kompleks tidak memengaruhi penurunan gejala parestesia pada pasien DM tipe 2, serta prevalensi kejadian parestesia dan konsumsi vitamin B kompleks pasien DM tipe 2 pada populasi penelitian ini sebesar 64,7% dan 66,6% secara berurutan. Kata kunci: vitamin B kompleks, parestesia, diabetes melitus tipe 2/Background: There are around 462 million people in the world have experienced type 2 diabetes, which is characterized by hyperglycemia. One of the complications that are often experienced by patients with type 2 diabetes is paresthesia. Untimely diagnosis and management for this complication can lead into more severe outcome. To overcome this problem, B-Complex vitamin can be one of the treatments for paresthesia which has very low toxicity. Objective: This study aims to prove that B-Complex vitamin can reduce paresthesia. Methods: This study was conducted in a retrospective cohort study with a population of patients diagnosed with type 2 DM. The population was determined using purposive sampling and data were obtained by filling out the NTSS-6 questionnaire. In this study, the distribution of the data was not normal, so the Mann-Withney U statistical test was used using the SPSS 25.0 program. Results: There was no significant result (p=0.926) regarding the effect of B-Complex vitamin consumption in reducing paresthesia in type 2 DM patients. Conclusion: B-Complex vitamin did not affect the decrease in paresthesia in patients with type 2 diabetes, and the prevalence of paresthesia as well as B-Complex vitamin consumption in patients with type 2 diabetes in the study population are 64.7% and 66.6% respectively. Keywords: B-Complex vitamin, paresthesia, type 2 diabetes mellitus

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Tumiwa, GabriellaNIM01071190024gabhilarytumiwa26@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorPrasetya, IgnatiusNIDN0326068702ignatius.prasetya@uph.edum
Uncontrolled Keywords: vitamin B kompleks, parestesia, diabetes melitus tipe 2
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Gabriella Hilary Tumiwa
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2022 02:17
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2022 02:17
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/49364

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