Hubungan antara pes planus pada anak usia 5-6 tahun dengan keterlambatan berjalan di Tangerang = Relationship between pes planus in children age 5-6 years old with delay in walking in Tangerang

Sugiarto, Thalia (2018) Hubungan antara pes planus pada anak usia 5-6 tahun dengan keterlambatan berjalan di Tangerang = Relationship between pes planus in children age 5-6 years old with delay in walking in Tangerang. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Background: Pes Planus is an anatomical foot shape where the medial longitudinal arch of the foot is covered by layers of fat in such a way that it gives an appearance of a flat foot sole when standing. This condition is physiologic in children and eventually will disappear on its own as the child ages, develop and grow. If this condition persists, it may cause several problems such as delay in walking in children. A child is said to have a delay in walking condition if he/she fails to walk independently without help until above the age of 18 months. Prior research found a link between pes planus and problems in walking but did not mention delay in walking as one of the problem specifically. Aim: This research aims to figure out if there is truly a relationship between pes planus and delay in walking in children. Research Method: This study uses a cross sectional design and consecutive technique sampling. Data is retrieved from children age 5-6 years old from three schools in Tangerang using primary data collection. Results: From a total of 120 respondents, 41 children had pes planus and 9 children among them had delay in walking, while the rest of 79 children had normal arch with only 2 of them had delay in walking. Research analysis shows significant result, where p = 0,001 and OR = 10,828. Conclusion: There is a meaningful relationship between pes planus and delay in walking / Latar belakang: Pes Planus merupakan bentuk anatomis kaki di mana arkus medial longitudinal tertutup oleh timbunan lemak sehingga memberikan penampakan telapak kaki yang datar tanpa arkus pada saat berdiri. Kondisi ini sebetulnya bersifat fisiologis pada anak-anak dan akan hilang dengan sendirinya seiring bertambahnya usia, perkembangan dan pertumbuhan sang anak. Apabila menetap, maka pes planus dapat menyebabkan beberapa masalah seperti keterlambatan berjalan pada anak. Seorang anak dikatakan terlambat berjalan apabila sampai dengan usia 18 bulan keatas masih belum juga dapat berjalan secara mandiri tanpa menggunakan bantuan. Penelitian- penelitian sebelumnya menemukan adanya korelasi antara pes planus dengan masalah dalam berjalan, namun tidak secara pasti mengemukakan bahwa keterlambatan berjalan merupakan salah satu dari masalah tersebut. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat hubungan antara pes planus dengan keterlambatan berjalan pada anak. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode potong lintang serta menggunakan teknik consecutive sampling. Pengambilan data diambil secara primer kepada 120 anak usia 5-6 tahun di tiga sekolah di daerah Tangerang. Hasil Penelitian: Dari total 120 responden, 41 anak memiliki pes planus dan 9 anak diantaranya mengalami keterlambatan berjalan, sedangkan 79 anak berarkus kaki normal dan 2 anak diantaranya mengalami keterlambatan berjalan. Hasil analisa menunjukkan hasil yang signifikan, dimana p = 0,001 dan OR = 10,828. Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara pes planus dengan keterlambatan berjalan.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Sugiarto, ThaliaNIM00000015930THALIASUGIARTO@HOTMAIL.COM
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorHandy, FransiscaNIDN0331037604UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pes Planus; Keterlambatan Berjalan; Pes Planus; Delay in Walking
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 06:48
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2020 07:47
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/6251

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