Perbedaan rerata lingkar kepala bayi usia 6-9 bulan antara pemberian asi eksklusif dengan susu formula = Difference of mean head circumference between exclusively breastfed infants and formula fed infants of 6-9 months of age

Phastika, Harsya Parma (2019) Perbedaan rerata lingkar kepala bayi usia 6-9 bulan antara pemberian asi eksklusif dengan susu formula = Difference of mean head circumference between exclusively breastfed infants and formula fed infants of 6-9 months of age. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Background: The aggressive promotion of formulated nutrition and other breast-milk substitutes has led to an increase in child morbidity and mortality, especially in poor and developing countries. Lack of knowledge about breastfeeding and a short period of postpartum hospitalization makes two-thirds of women experience failure of breastfeeding. Method: This study uses a cross-sectional study conducted on 130 infants who came for medical checkup at the Pediatric Clinic of Pertamina Hospital Balikpapan. Sample criteria include: infants born with a gestational age between 37-40 weeks with birth weight of 2500- 4000 grams, infants with 6-9 months of age, good nutritional status with a z-score of -1 to +2 SD on the WHO growth chart. Data collection was carried out in the period of July-August 2018. Data collection was conducted by interviewing the history of nutrition of the infant and measuring infant head circumference, weight, and length. The data obtained was collected with Microsoft Excel 2013 and processed using the SPSS program. The statistical tests used were the Mann-Whitney U test. Results: There is no significance between mean head circumference to exclusively breast-fed infants or formula-fed infants (p=0,965). Analysis conducted based on gender also had no significance with p=0,568 for male infants and p=0,338 for female infants. Conclusion: There is no statistical significance between mean head circumference to exclusively breast-fed infants or formula-fed infants / Latar belakang: Promosi susu formula dan nutrisi pengganti ASI lainnya yang agresif menyebabkan kenaikan tingkat morbiditas dan mortalitas anak, terutama di negara-negara miskin dan berkembang. Kurangnya pengetahuan tentang menyusui dan singkatnya periode rawat inap pasca bersalin membuat dua pertiga ibu mengalami kegagalan menyusui. Metode penelitian: Penelitian dengan desain studi potong lintang dilakukan pada bayi yang datang untuk kontrol di Poli Anak Rumah Sakit Pertamina Balikpapan sebanyak 130 bayi. Kriteria sampel antara lain: lahir dengan usia gestasi antara 37-40 minggu dengan berat badan lahir 2500-4000 gram, usia 6-9 bulan, status gizi baik dengan nilai z-skor -1 hingga +2 SD pada kurva pertumbuhan WHO. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dalam periode Juli-Agustus 2018 dengan cara wawancara sambil mengisi kuesioner untuk mengetahui riwayat pemberian nutrisi pada bayi dan mengukur lingkar kepala, berat badan, dan panjang badan. Data yang didapatkan dikumpulkan dengan Microsoft Excel 2013 dan diolah menggunakan program SPSS. Uji statistik yang digunakan adalah uji Mann-Whitney U. Hasil penelitian: Perbedaan rerata lingkar kepala bayi usia 6-9 bulan antara yang mendapatkan ASI eksklusif dan susu formula adalah tidak bermakna (p=0,965). Analisis statistic terhadap perbedaan rerata lingkar kepala bayi usia 6-9 bulan berdasarkan jenis kelamin juga tidak bermakna dengan nilai p kelamin laki-laki adalah 0,568 dan nilai p kelamin perempuan adalah 0,338. Kesimpulan: Tidak ada perbedaan yang bermakna antara rerata lingkar kepala bayi yang diberi ASI eksklusif dan Susu Formula.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Phastika, Harsya ParmaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorTobing, WerlinsonUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lingkar Kepala; ASI Eksklusif; Susu Formula; Bayi; Head circumference; Exclusive Breastfeeding; Infant Formula; Infant
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Medicine > Medicine
Depositing User: Users 13 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 04:25
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2020 08:22
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/6257

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