Pemanfaatan buah labu siam (sechium edule [jacq.] sw) dan jambu biji merah (psidium guajava l.) dalam pembuatan sorbet = Utilization of chayote (sechium edule [jacq.] sw) and red guava (psidium guajava l.) fruits in the making of sorbet

Gunawan, Anthony (2021) Pemanfaatan buah labu siam (sechium edule [jacq.] sw) dan jambu biji merah (psidium guajava l.) dalam pembuatan sorbet = Utilization of chayote (sechium edule [jacq.] sw) and red guava (psidium guajava l.) fruits in the making of sorbet. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Buah labu siam digunakan dalam pembuatan sorbet untuk meningkatkan pemanfaatan dan nilai jual labu siam dalam bentuk produk pangan komersial dengan tambahan buah jambu biji merah. Penggunaan buah jambu biji merah dapat memberikan nilai tambah (warna, rasa, aroma dan vitamin C) pada sorbet labu siam. Buah labu siam dan jambu biji merah diolah menjadi sorbet dengan rasio 100:0, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, dan 50:50. Sorbet dianalisis pH, total padatan terlarut, warna, kandungan vitamin C, dan diuji organoleptik (skoring dan hedonik). Rasio buah terpilih yaitu 50:50, memiliki pH 4,82 ± 0,04, total padatan terlarut 23,05 ± 1,35 obrix, nilai oHue 35,09 ± 1,27 (merah), tingkat kecerahan 42,74 ± 0,92, kandungan vitamin C 8,69 ± 0,71 mg/100g, dan paling disukai panelis secara keseluruhan (6,20 ± 0,76). Rasio buah terpilih digunakan dalam pembuatan sorbet dengan jenis (CMC, gum arab, dan karagenan) dan konsentrasi (0%, 0,25%, 0,50%, dan 0,75%) penstabil yang berbeda. Sorbet dianalisis pH, total padatan terlarut, warna, kandungan vitamin C, overrun, waktu leleh, dan diuji organoleptik (skoring dan hedonik). Formulasi sorbet terpilih yaitu CMC dengan konsentrasi 0,75%, memiliki nilai pH 5,32 ± 0,11, total padatan terlarut 23,20 ± 0,14 obrix, nilai oHue 37,92 ± 3,08 (merah), tingkat kecerahan 42,03 ± 1,12, overrun 8,43 ± 0,78 %, waktu leleh 16,79 ± 0,34 menit, kandungan vitamin C 8,88 ± 0,84 mg/100g, tekstur paling halus, dan paling disukai panelis berdasarkan tekstur (5,32 ± 1,14). / Chayote are used in the making of sorbet to increase the utilization and value of as commercial food products with the addition of red guava. Red guava are used to make chayote sorbet with added value (color, taste, aroma and vitamin C). Chayote and red guava are processed into sorbet with ratios of 100: 0, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, and 50:50. Sorbet were analyzed in terms of pH, total dissolved solids, color, total vitamin C content, and organoleptic properties (scoring and hedonic). The selected fruit ratio was 50:50 with pH of 4.82 ± 0.04, total dissolved solids of 23.05 ± 1.35 obrix, oHue value of 35.09 ± 1.27 (red), lightness index of 42.74 ± 0.92, total vitamin C content of 8.69 ± 0.71 mg / 100g, and the most preferred by panelists (6.20 ± 0.76). The selected fruit ratios were used in the making of sorbet with different types (CMC, gum arabic, and carrageenan) and concentrations (0%, 0.25%, 0.50%, and 0.75%) of stabilizers. Sorbet were also analyzed for pH, total dissolved solids, color, total vitamin C content, overrun, melting time, and organoleptic (scoring and hedonic). The selected sorbet formulation is the one made using 0.75% CMC with pH value of 5.32 ± 0.11, total dissolved solids of 23.20 ± 0.14 obrix, oHue value of 37.92 ± 3.08 (red), lightness index of 42.03 ± 1.12, overrun of 8.43 ± 0.78%, melting time of 16.79 ± 0.34 minutes, total vitamin C content of 8.88 ± 0.84 mg / 100g, the smoothest texture, and the most preferred by panelists based on texture (5.32 ± 1.14).

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Gunawan, AnthonyNIM01034170031anthonygunawan18@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorMatita, Intan CidarbulanNIDN0318128804intan.matita@uph.edu
Thesis advisorSinaga, Wenny Silvia LorenNIDN0314108701wenny.sinaga@uph.edu
Uncontrolled Keywords: labu siam; jambu biji merah; sorbet; penstabil; vitamin C
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368-456 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Depositing User: Users 6754 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2021 07:34
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2021 07:34
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/16972

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