Effect of kombu fermentation on the antioxidant activity of bottle gourd (lagenaria siceraria (mol.) standl.) juice

Reviane, Eunike (2012) Effect of kombu fermentation on the antioxidant activity of bottle gourd (lagenaria siceraria (mol.) standl.) juice. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Bottle gourd is mainly used as food product, and also known for its ability in treating inflammatory disorders that mainly caused by free radicals. Its antioxidant activity may be increased by fermentation. One of the health-beneficial fermentation products is kombucha, which has also been known as the traditional way to reduce blood pressure and to be a natural remedy for several kinds of disease. This research is aimed to study the effect of kombu fermentation towards the antioxidant activity, total phenolic, and total flavonoid content of the bottle gourd juice. In the preliminary stage, the effect of peel and pulp were observed The unpeeled clear juice was found to have the highest antioxidant activity. The unpeeled clear juice was subsequently used in the main research. Four different sugar concentration (0%, 15%, 20%, and 25%) and 5 level of fermentation time (0 day, 2 days, 4 days, 6 days, and 8 days were used as the treatments. The result showed that the highest antioxidant activity was found in the juice before fermentation (0 day fermentation) and without additional sugar (0% sugar). The phenolic content also decreased as the sugar added concentration increases and as the fermentation days lengthen. The highest phenolic content was owned by treatment with 0% added sugar and 0 day fermentation. Flavonoid content however, increased as fermentation days lengthened Sugar-added concentration still resulted in significantly lower flavonoid content compared to 0% sugar treatment. The highest flavonoid content is obtained by 8 days treatment with 0% added sugar.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Reviane, EunikeNIM03420080013UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorKardono, Leonardus Broto SugengUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thesis advisorWijaya, Julia RatnaNIDN305076905UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: bottle gourd; Lagenaria siceraria; kombu; antioxidant, polyphenol; fermentation; flavonoid
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368-456 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Marselita Harapan
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2018 08:05
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2020 03:50
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/1904

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