Characteristics and antioxidant activity of low calorie soursop (annona muricata l.) jam = Karakteristik dan aktivitas antioksidan selai sirsak (annona muricata l.) rendah kalori

Anugerah, Sarah (2012) Characteristics and antioxidant activity of low calorie soursop (annona muricata l.) jam = Karakteristik dan aktivitas antioksidan selai sirsak (annona muricata l.) rendah kalori. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Soursop (Annona muricata L.) is commonly found in Indonesia and has high antioxidant and nutrient content. Utilization of soursop is still limited, therefore low calorie jam can increase the diversivication of processed products from soursop. Soursop has the appropriate characteristics to be made into jam, because it has pectin, organic acids, and sugar content. Fresh Soursop fruit has 5,38 mg/ml IC50 concentration, 90,76 mgGAE/100 g phenolic concentration, 1,12 mgQE/100 g flavonoid concentration, and 20,42 g/100 g vitamin C concentration. In this research, different types of sweeteners and different concentration of pectin are used. Sweetener used in this research are acesulfame-K, aspartame, and combination of both sweeteners. Low methoxyl pectin concentration used are 0,75%, 1%, and 1,25%. Different cooking temperatures and time are also applied in jam making, in order to find jam with the highest antioxidant content. Temperature used are 85oC, 90oC, and 95oC and will be maintained for 1, 2, and 3 minutes for each treatment. Parameters used to find soursop jam with the best formulation are organoleptic parameter (5-scale hedonic test), physical and chemical parameters (total dissolved solid, sucrose content, pH, degree of whiteness, viscosity, syneresis, and consistency), and antioxidant parameters (IC50, phenolic, flavonoid, and vitamin C concentrations). Based on this research, jam with the best formulation is jam with aspartame sweetener and 1% low methoxyl pectin. The best cooking temperature and time used to maintain the highest antioxidant concentration is 85oC for 1 minute.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Anugerah, SarahUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorSiregar, Tagor MarsillamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thesis advisorHandayani, RatnaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Soursop; Annona muricata L.; low calorie jam; antioxidant
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368-456 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Marselita Harapan
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2018 08:06
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2018 08:06
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/1921

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