Pengaruh penambahan sari jeruk nipis dan Eucalyptus globulus terhadap karakteristik fisikokimia teh herbal daun jambu biji = The effect of addition of lime juice and Eucalyptus globulus on the physicochemical characteristics of guava leaf herbal tea

Evelyn, Fellia (2021) Pengaruh penambahan sari jeruk nipis dan Eucalyptus globulus terhadap karakteristik fisikokimia teh herbal daun jambu biji = The effect of addition of lime juice and Eucalyptus globulus on the physicochemical characteristics of guava leaf herbal tea. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Daun jambu biji dapat dimanfaatkan menjadi teh herbal dikarenakan memiliki kandungan senyawa bioaktif. Pembuatan teh herbal daun jambu biji pada penelitian ini menggunakan proses pembuatan teh hitam. Teh herbal daun jambu biji cenderung memiliki rasa sepat sehingga ditambahkan sari jeruk nipis dan Eucalyptus globulus untuk meningkatkan karakteristik sensorinya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan perlakuan suhu dan waktu penyeduhan terpilih, serta pengaruh penambahan konsentrasi sari jeruk nipis dan minyak esensial Eucalyptus globulus terhadap karakteristik fisikokimia serta sifat sensoris teh herbal daun jambu biji. Penelitian tahap I dilakukan pembuatan daun teh jambu biji kering dan penyeduhan teh herbal daun jambu biji pada suhu (70, 80, 90°C) dan waktu penyeduhan (5, 10, 15 menit). Suhu dan waktu penyeduhan terpilih adalah suhu 90°C selama 10 menit, yang memiliki aktivitas antioksidan (IC50) sebesar 4372,22±54,71 ppm, total fenolik 292,88±8,35 mg GAE/L, total flavonoid 80,83±1,61 mg QE/L, dan kandungan tanin terkondensasi 543,10±38,68 mg CE/L. Penelitian tahap II dilakukan pembuatan teh herbal daun jambu biji dengan penambahan konsentrasi jeruk nipis (1, 2, 3%) dan Eucalyptus globulus (0,05, 0,10, 0,15%). Jika dibandingkan dengan teh herbal tanpa penambahan Eucalptus globulus dan jeruk nipis, teh herbal daun jambu biji dengan penambahan jeruk nipis 3% dan Eucalyptus globulus 0,15% memiliki aktivitas antioksidan (IC50) yang lebih rendah, yaitu sebesar 10199,18±289,35 ppm, serta total fenolik 303,12±19,70 mg GAE/L, total flavonoid 78,20±3,52 mg QE/L, dan kandungan tanin terkondensasi 362,40±12,40 mg CE/L. Namun, penambahan jeruk nipis dan Eucalyptus globulus pada teh herbal daun jambu biji meningkatkan tingkat kesukaan panelis pada warna dan rasa sepat. / Guava leaves can be utilized as herbal tea because it contains bioactive compounds. In this research, guava leaf herbal tea was prepared according to black tea making process. Guava leaf herbal tea tends to have an astringent taste, therefore lime juice and Eucalyptus globulus were added to improve the sensory characteristics. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of brewing temperature and time aside from that, also to see how increasing the concentration of lime juice and Eucalyptus globulus essential oil affect physicochemical characteristics and sensory properties of guava leaf herbal tea. In the first stage research, dried guava tea leaves was made and brewing of guava leaf herbal tea was done at different temperature (70, 80, 90°C) and time (5, 10, 15 minutes). The selected brewing temperature and time was 90°C for 10 minutes, with antioxidant activity (IC50) of 4372.22±54.71 ppm, total phenolic 292.88±8.35 mg GAE/L, total flavonoids 80.83±1.61 mg QE/L, and condensed tannin 543.10 ±38.68 mg CE/L. In the second research stage, guava leaf herbal tea was prepared with the addition of lime (1, 2, 3%) and Eucalyptus globulus (0,05, 0,10, 0,15%). When compared to herbal teas without the addition of lime and Eucalyptus globulus, guava leaf herbal tea with addition of 3% lime and 0,15% Eucalyptus globulus has lower antioxidant activity (IC50) of 10199.18±289.35 ppm, as well as total phenolic of 303.12±19.70 mg GAE/L, total flavonoids of 78.20±3.52 mg QE/L, and condensed tannins of 362.40±12.40 mg CE/L. However, addition of lime and Eucalyptus globulus to the guava leaf herbal tea increased the panelists' preference in terms of color and astringency.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Evelyn, FelliaNIM01034170072felliaevelyn18@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorHalim, YuniwatyNIDN0303068501yuniwaty.halim@uph.edu
Uncontrolled Keywords: daun jambu biji; Eucalyptus globulus; jeruk nipis; penyeduhan; teh herbal
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368-456 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Depositing User: Users 6790 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 07:58
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2021 07:58
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/21529

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