Substitusi tepung ubi jalar putih hasil heat moisture treatment dalam pembuatan kukis = Substitution of heat moisture treated white sweet potato flour in the production of cookies

Indrawan, Aurellia Tanica (2021) Substitusi tepung ubi jalar putih hasil heat moisture treatment dalam pembuatan kukis = Substitution of heat moisture treated white sweet potato flour in the production of cookies. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

[img] Text (Title)
Title - 2021-02-22T115710.980.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (397kB)
[img]
Preview
Text (Abstract)
Abstract.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (155kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (ToC)
ToC.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (303kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Chapter1)
Chapter1.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (126kB) | Preview
[img] Text (Chapter2)
Chapter2.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (288kB)
[img] Text (Chapter3)
Chapter3.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (277kB)
[img] Text (Chapter4)
Chapter4.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (353kB)
[img] Text (Chapter5)
Chapter5.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (111kB)
[img]
Preview
Text (Bibliography)
Bibliography.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (244kB) | Preview
[img] Text (Appendices)
Appendices.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Kukis merupakan makanan ringan yang dipanggang dan tergolong dalam jenis biskuit. Kukis memiliki tekstur yang renyah dan kurang padat. Pemanfaatan tepung ubi jalar putih hasil heat moisture treatment (HMT) diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kadar pati resisten kukis dengan tetap memperhatikan karaktersitik sensori dan tekstur. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk menentukan waktu dan suhu pemanasan HMT terbaik berdasarkan kadar amilosa tertinggi pada tepung ubi jalar putih dan menentukan rasio tepung terigu dan tepung ubi jalar putih HMT terbaik berdasarkan kandungan pati resisten, karakteristik sensori, dan tekstur kukis. Modifikasi tepung ubi jalar putih dilakukan dengan HMT (90°C, 100°C, dan 110°C; 30 menit, 60 menit, 90 menit, dan 120 menit). Kukis dibuat dengan variasi rasio tepung terigu dan tepung ubi jalar putih HMT (100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, dan 0:100). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan HMT 90°C, 90 menit menghasilkan tepung ubi jalar putih dengan kadar amilosa tertinggi, yaitu 31,45 ± 1,21%. Rasio terbaik tepung terigu dan tepung ubi jalar putih HMT dalam pembuatan kukis adalah 0:100. Kukis rasio 0:100 mengandung pati resisten 5,36 ± 0,02%, memiliki tingkat kesukaan netral pada setiap parameter, kekerasan 3445,74 ± 265,50 g, dan daya patah 3284,84 ± 238,33 g. / Cookies are a part of baked goods, alongside with biscuits. Cookies are crunchy and less dense. The utilization of heat moisture treated white sweet potato flour is expected to increase the levels of cookies’ resistant starch, while still considering the sensory characteristics and texture. The purposes of this research are to determine the best time and temperature of HMT based on highest amylose content of white sweet potato flour and determine the best ratio of wheat flour and heat moisture treated white sweet potato flour based on resistant starch content, sensory characteristics, and texture. Sweet potato flour modification was done by HMT (90°C, 100°C, and 110°C; 30 minutes, 60 minutes, 90 minutes, and 120 minutes). Cookies are made using a variety ratio of wheat flour and heat moisture treated white sweet potato flour (100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, and 0:100). The results show that HMT 90°C, 90 minutes gave the highest amylose content of white sweet potato flour (31.45 ± 1.21%). The best ratio of wheat flour to heat moisture treated white sweet potato flour in the production of cookies is 0:100. It has 5.06 ± 0.02% resistant starch content, a neutral preference level, a hardness of 3445.74 ± 265.50 g, and a fracturability of 3284.84 ± 238.33 g.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Indrawan, Aurellia TanicaNIM01034170023aurelliatanica@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorAnugrahati, Nuri ArumNIDN0328067601nuri.anugrahati@uph.edu
Uncontrolled Keywords: amilosa; pati resisten; heat moisture treatment; ubi jalar; kukis
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368-456 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Depositing User: Users 3417 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 04:58
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2021 04:58
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/21544

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item