Pemanfaatan ubi jalar ungu pada pembuatan es krim susu kedelai dengan penambahan rumput laut sebagai stabilizer = Utilization of purple sweet potato in soy milk ice cream with the addition of seaweed as stabilizer

Christina, Hanna Naomi (2021) Pemanfaatan ubi jalar ungu pada pembuatan es krim susu kedelai dengan penambahan rumput laut sebagai stabilizer = Utilization of purple sweet potato in soy milk ice cream with the addition of seaweed as stabilizer. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Es krim merupakan salah satu produk pangan yang banyak dikonsumsi masyarakat. Es krim dibuat dari campuran susu, pemanis, stabilizer, emulsifier, dan pewarna yang umum menyebabkan permasalahan kesehatan. Oleh karena itu, es krim dikembangkan menggunakan susu kedelai dengan penambahan ubi jalar ungu dan rumput laut. Ubi jalar ungu digunakan dalam bentuk bubur ubi jalar ungu dengan perbandingan ubi jalar ungu : air yaitu 70:30, 80:20, 90:10, 100:0. Bubur ubi jalar ungu dianalisis aktivitas antioksidan, total fenolik, total flavonoid, dan warna. Bubur ubi jalar ungu terpilih adalah perbandingan ubi jalar ungu : air 90:10. Bubur ubi jalar ungu tersebut memiliki nilai IC50 2109,15±106,39 ppm, total fenolik 3870,49±140,71 mg GAE/mL, total flavonoid 1,03±0,03 mg QE/mL, dan memiliki warna ungu dengan nilai °Hue 327,372,38. Bubur ubi jalar ungu terpilih kemudian digunakan untuk pembuatan es krim susu kedelai dengan konsentrasi 0% (kontrol), 15%, 30% dan konsentrasi bubur rumput laut 0% (kontrol), 0,3%, 0,4%, dan 0,5%. Sampel-sampel tersebut kemudian dianalisis aktivitas antioksidan, total fenolik, total flavonoid, warna, waktu leleh, dan overrun. Es krim susu kedelai terpilih adalah es krim dengan konsentrasi bubur ubi jalar ungu 30% dan bubur rumput laut 0,3%. Es krim susu kedelai tersebut memiliki nilai IC50 556022,98±21680,5179 ppm, total fenolik2,82±0,2 mg GAE/mL, total flavonoid 0,90±0,05 mg QE/mL, memiliki warna merah keunguan dengan nilai °Hue 347,18±4,43, waktu leleh 54,91±0,51menit/ 30 g, dan overrun 23,05±2,42%. Es krim susu kedelai terpilih dilanjutkan dengan uji proksimat dengan kadar karbohidrat 22,54%, kadar abu 0,815%, total padatan 28,79%, kadar protein 2,74%, dan kadar lemak 2,695%./ Ice cream is one of the food products that many people consume. Ice cream is made from a mixture of milk, sweetener, stabilizer, emulsifier, and coloring which often leads to health problems if it is consumed too much. Therefore, ice cream is developed using soy milk with addition of purple sweet potato and seaweed. Purple sweet potato is used in the form of mashed purple sweet potato with ratio of purple sweet potato : water 70:30, 80:20, 90:10, and 100:0. Samples are analyzed for antioxidant activity, total phenolic, total flavonoids, and color. The selected ratio of purple sweet potato : water is 90:10. The mashed purple sweet potato has IC50 2109,15±106,39 ppm, total phenolic 3870,49±140,71 mg GAE/mL, total flavonoid 1,03±0,03 mg QE/mL, dan is purple colored with °Hue value 327,372,38. The selected mashed purple sweet potato then is used to make soy milk ice cream with variation of concentration 0% (control), 15%, and 30% and seaweed with variation of concentration 0% (control), 0,3%, 0,4%, and 0,5%. The samples were then analysed for antioxidant activity, total phenolics, total flavonoids, color, melting rate, and overrun. The selected soy milk ice cream formulation is the soy milk ice cream with 30% mashed purple sweet potato and 0,3% seaweed. The selected soy milk ice cream has IC50 556022,98±21680,5179 ppm, total phenolic 2,82±0,2 mg GAE/mL, total flavonoid 0,90±0,05 mg QE/mL, is purplish red colored with °Hue value 347,18±4,43, melting rate 54,91±0,51menit/ 30 g, and overrun 23,05±2,42%. Proximate analysis of the selected soy milk ice cream shows results of carbohydrate, protein, fat, ash, and total solids concent which the ice cream has total carbohydrates 22,54%, ash 0,815%, total solids 28,79%, protein 2,74%, dan fat 2,695%.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Christina, Hanna NaomiNIM01034170018hanna.naomi6199@gmail.com
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorEveline, EvelineNIDN0308048201UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: aktvitas antioksidan; konsentrasi ubi jalar ungu; pewarna alami; perbandingan ubi jalar ungu ; air; konsentrasi rumput laut; stabilizer
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368-456 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Depositing User: Users 6744 not found.
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2021 01:54
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2021 01:55
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/24007

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