Exploring the role of inquiry based learning in developing students critical thinking and problem solving skill: a case study of year 2 students in xyz primary school

Prima, Reisa Dewita (2018) Exploring the role of inquiry based learning in developing students critical thinking and problem solving skill: a case study of year 2 students in xyz primary school. Masters thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Kebutuhan siswa untuk berpikir kritis dan memecahkan masalah secara mandiri ketika mereka dewasa telah memicu perubahan pendekatan yang digunakan guru dalam pembelajaran di ruang kelas. Pembelajaran dengan metode tradisional yang berpusat pada guru dan siswa sebagai pendengar yang pasif tidak lagi relevan dengan kebutuhan siswa. Pembelajaran Berbasis Inkuiri telah dikenal luas sebagai pendekatan yang kuat untuk membekali siswa dengan pemikiran kritis dan keterampilan pemecahan masalah. Pembelajaran Berbasis Inkuiri memberikan siswa pengalaman belajar yang lebih bermakna. Dengan demikian penulis melakukan studi kasus evaluatif yang berfokus pada penerapan Pembelajaran Berbasis Inkuiri pada siswa kelas 2 di Sekolah Dasar XYZ. Tujuan dari prnrlitian ini adalah untuk melihat bagaimana implementasi IBL di kelas 2 SD pada sekolah XYZ dan peran pembelajaran tersebut dalam mengembangkan kemampuan berpikir kritis dan pemecahan masalah siswa. Pengamatan kelas dan wawancara digunakan sebagai metode dalam mengumpulkan data dari penelitian ini. Temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa sekolah telah secara efektif menerapkan Pembelajaran Berbasis Inkuiri dengan berdasarkan Kath Murdoch‟s Inquiry Cycle. Dalam penelitian ini juga ditemukan bahwa Pembelajaran Berbasis Inkuiri memiliki peran penting dalam mengembangkan kemampuan berpikir kritis dan keterampilan pemecahan masalah siswa Kelas 2 melalui beberapa aspek seperti strategi berpikir dan pertanyaan. / The need of the students, as they come to practical life, to think critically and solve problems independently has led to the changing of approach that teachers use in the classrooms. A teacher-centered classroom, with the students as passive listeners, has been irrelevant to cater the students‟ needs. Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) has been widely known as a powerful approach to equip students with both critical thinking and problem-solving skill as it provides students with hands-on, minds-on, and meaningful experiences. Thus, the writer conducted an evaluative case study, focusing on the implementation of IBL on Year 2 students in XYZ Primary School. The purpose of this study is to explore how XYZ School has implemented IBL on Year 2 students and how IBL had a role in improving students‟ critical thinking and problem-solving skills. Classroom observation and interviews were utilized as the instruments to collect the data of this study. The finding of this study shows that the school has effectively implemented IBL by following Kath Murdoch‟s (2015, 78) Inquiry Cycle. It is also found that IBL has a role to enhance the development of Year 2 students‟ critical thinking and problem-solving skills through some aspects, such as visible thinking strategy and essential questions.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Prima, Reisa DewitaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorWahyuningsih, M.B. RiniUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) ; Critical Thinking Skill ; Problem Solving skill
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1028.3 Educational techology
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Education > Master of Educational Technology
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Education > Master of Educational Technology
Depositing User: Users 15 not found.
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2019 06:34
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2019 06:34
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/2586

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