Effect of germinated cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) and germinated soybean (Glycine max L.) on the quality and protein digestibility of tofu

Dewanto, Melita Paramita (2017) Effect of germinated cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) and germinated soybean (Glycine max L.) on the quality and protein digestibility of tofu. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Recently, the average amount of protein consumption per capita in Indonesia is still slightly lower than standard. In addition, protein consumed by Indonesian people has low protein digestibility. The requirement of protein can be fulfilled from many sources, such as legumes such as cowpea and soybean. Germination process of legumes can increase protein digestibility. The aim of this research was to determine the best ratio of germinated cowpea and soybean and heating time that can produce an acceptable tofu to increase protein digestibility. Three different ratios of germinated cowpea and soybean (40:60, 30:70, and 20:80) and heating time (30 minutes, 60 minutes, and 90 minutes) were applied as treatments. The physicochemical parameters consisting of percent yield, texture profile (hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, and chewiness), degree of whiteness, moisture content, water activity (aw), and pH as well as sensory analysis of tofu were also evaluated. Interaction between different ratios of germinated cowpea and soybean and heating time gave significant effect towards cohesiveness. Increasing proportion of cowpea decreased percent yield, hardness, springiness, and chewiness. Hardness, chewiness, degree of whiteness, and moisture content were enhanced along with heating time. However, different ratio of germinated cowpea and soybean and heating did not give significant effect on pH and water activity (aw). Tofu made from 40:60 germinated cowpea to soybean with heating time 30 minutes was chosen as the best formula tofu. It contains 13.56% protein, 2.75% fat, 0.76% carbohydrate, 0.48% ash, and 82.45% moisture. Protein digestibility is increased due to germination process. Protein digestibility of best formula tofu is 11.75% which is 36.95% increased compared to that of ungerminated cowpea and soybean

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Dewanto, Melita ParamitaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorParamawati, RaffiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: cowpea; germinated; protein digestibility; soybean; tofu
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368-456 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Depositing User: Users 15 not found.
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2018 07:43
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2018 05:33
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/1428

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