Substitusi tepung terigu dengan tepung kulit melinjo (Gnetum gnemon L.) dan tepung kacang kedelai (Glycine max) pada pembuatan mi basah

Agung, Kelvin (2017) Substitusi tepung terigu dengan tepung kulit melinjo (Gnetum gnemon L.) dan tepung kacang kedelai (Glycine max) pada pembuatan mi basah. Bachelor thesis, Universitas Pelita Harapan.

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Abstract

Melinjo peel (Gnetum gnemon L.) is rarely used and simply considered as waste in Emping (Indonesian traditional crackers) production, although it contains phytochemical compounds such as flavonoid, carotenoids, phenolic, and also functional nutrient such as dietary fiber. Wet noodle is wheat flour based product which is favored by Indonesian people. Unfortunately it has a low dietary fiber content and consumption of dietary fiber in Indonesia is still inadequate. This research was aimed to develop wet noodle using melinjo peel flour and soy bean flour with four different ratio wheat flour : melinjo peel flour : soy bean flour ratio of 100:0:0, 75:20:5, 75:17.5:7.5, and 75:15:10. Each treatment is analyzed for physical characteristic (water absorption, cooking loss, color, and texture), and sensory quality (color, aroma, flavor, and texture). The result showed that the ratio of wheat flour : melinjo peel flour : soy bean flour 75:20:5 has the characteristic that closest to the control formulation (100:0:0). The water absorption of 67.36%, cooking loss of 16.45%, hardness of 20002.37 gf, springiness of 0.961 gf, adhesiveness of -3954.12 gf, oHue 82.60 and the dietary fiber of 5.97%. The best ratio of wet noodle in refrigerated temperature it can last for 144 hours and in the room temperature for 24 hours. For the refrigerated, there is no microbial growth with the total plate count of 0 CFU/g. While at room temperature the total plate count of 8.8x105 CFU/g which is below the Indonesian National Standard

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor)
Creators:
CreatorsNIMEmail
Agung, KelvinUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionContributorsNIDN/NIDKEmail
Thesis advisorSiregar, Tagor M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dietary fiber; melinjo peel flour; storage; wet noodle
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368-456 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: University Subject > Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Current > Faculty/School - UPH Karawaci > Faculty of Science and Technology > Food Technology
Depositing User: Users 15 not found.
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2018 07:56
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2019 03:55
URI: http://repository.uph.edu/id/eprint/1686

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